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'Abd Allah b. Muskan

Companion of Imam (a)
'Abd Allah b. Muskan
Companion of Imam al-Kazim (a)
Teknonym Abu Muhammad
Well Known As Ibn Muskan
Place of Birth Kufa
Death/Martyrdom before 183/799
Professors Layth b. al-Bakhtari, Zurara b. A'yan, Jabir b. Yazid al-Ju'fi, ...
Students Safwan b. Yahya, Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman, Muhammad b. Sinan, ...
Works Kitab fi l-Imama, Kitab fi l-halal wa l-haram

Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh b. Muskān (Arabic: ابومحمد عبدالله بن مُسکان), (d. before 183/799) known as Ibn Muskan was a narrator of Imam al-Kazim (a). He lived in Kufa.

Contents

As a Companion of Imam al-Kazim (a)

People of Consensus

Comapnions of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Zurara b. A'yan
Ma'ruf b. Kharrabudh
Burayd b. Mu'awiya
Abu Basir
al-Fudayl b. Yasar
Muhammad b. Muslim


Companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Jamil b. Darraj
'Abd Allah b. Muskan
'Abd Allah b. Bukayr
Hammad b. 'Uthman
Hammad b. 'Isa
Aban b. 'Uthman


Companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman
Safwan b. Yahya
Muhammad b. Abi 'Umayr
Abd Allah b. al-Mughira
Hasan b. Mahbub
Ahmad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti

The information on his life is highly limited. But it is known that he was a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a).

According to a number of narrations he was also a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a). On one hand, Ibn Faddal[1], al-Barqi[2] and al-Tusi[3] mentioned him as companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and in hadith sources of Twelver Shi'ism numerous narrations were stated from Ibn Muskan, a number of them were narrated directly from the Imam (a)[4]. On the other hand, al-Najashi cast doubt on the possibilities that he has narrated hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a); he believed Ibn Muskan narrated hadith only from Imam al-Kazim (a).[5] In addition, al-'Ayyashi narrated from Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman, Imam al-Kazim's companion, that Ibn Muskan heard only one hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), although he has narrated numerous hadiths from him.[6]

Narration

According to Shi'a rijal scholars, Ibn Muskan is definitely considered as a reliable narrator and among People of Consensus[7]. Al-Najashi has described him as "thiqa" and "'ayn" (trustworthy).[8] Al-'Allama al-Hilli has also described him as trustworthy.[9]

Al-Shaykh al-Mufid in his Risalat 'adadiyya introduces him as one of the faqihs, and adds that there is no case for his blame.[10]

Muhaddith Qumi writes, "he is one of the great companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a), he is one of the people who Shi'a scholars have a consensus about the authenticity of their narration."[11]

His name is mentioned in the chain of narration of 1252 hadiths.[12]

Works

Al-Najashi considered Kitab fi al-Imama and Kitab fi al-Halal and al-Haram written by Ibn Muskan. He explained that most of its content is originated from the narrations of his teacher Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Halabi.[13]

Masters

Narrators

Demise

According to al-Najashi, Ibn Muskan passed away in the time of Imamate of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a).[16] As Imam al-Kazim (a) was martyred in 183/799 so the demise of Ibn Muskan is before that.

Notes

  1. Ibn Makula, Al-Ikmal, Vol. 7, P. 257.
  2. Al-Barqi, al-Rijal, P. 22.
  3. Al-Tusi, Rijal, P.264.
  4. see: Ibn Babawayh, al-Tawhid, P. 137.
  5. Al-Najashi, al-Rijal, P. 214.
  6. Al-Tusi, Ikhtiyar ma'rifat al-rijal, P. 382-383.
  7. Al-Tusi, Ikhtiyar ma'rifat al-rijal, P.375; Al-Tusi, Fihrist, P. 196; Al-Tusi, Rijal, P. 264.
  8. Al-Najashi, Rijal", p. 214
  9. Al-Hilli, Khulasat al-aqwal, p. 194
  10. Al-Khoei, Mu'jam rijal al-hadith, vol. 11, p. 348
  11. Muhaddith Qumi, al-Kuna wa l-alqab, vol. 1, p, 408
  12. Al-Khoei, Mu'jam rijal al-hadith, vol. 11, p. 352
  13. Al-Najashi, Rijal, P.264.
  14. Al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, Vol. 6, P.143; Al-Tusi, Ikhtiyar ma'rifat al-rijal, P.330; Al-Tusi, Tahzib, Vol.2, P.174, 245.
  15. Al-Barqi, Al-Mahasin, P.145;Al-Kulayni, al-Kafi, Vol.7, P.144; Ibn Babawayh, al-Tawhid, P.352; Ibn Babawayh, 'Ilal al-sharayi' , P.377; Ibn Babawayh, Kamal al-din, Vol.1, P.262; Al-Tusi, Tahzib, Vol.1, P.307, Vol.2, P.174,285, Vol.8,P.39.
  16. Al-Najashi, Al-Rijal, P.215.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالله ابن مسکان in Farsi WikiShia.
  • Barghi, Ahmad al-. Al-Rijal. Ed. Jalal al-Din Muhaddith. Tehran: 1342 Sh.
  • Barghi, Ahmad al-. Al-Mahasin. Ed. Jalal al-Din Muhaddith. Tehran: 1370 Sh.
  • Ibn Babawayh, Muhammad b. 'Ali. Al-Tawhid. Ed. Hashim Husayni Tihrani. Tehran: 1387 Sh.
  • Ibn Babawayh, Muhammad b. 'Ali. 'Ilal al-sharayi' . Njaf: 1385/1966.
  • Ibn Babawayh, Muhammad b. 'Ali. Kamal al-Din. Ed. 'Ali Akbar Ghaffari. Tehran: 1390 Ah.
  • Ibn Ma'kula, 'Ali. Al-Ikmal. Beirut: Muhammad Amin.
  • Khoei, al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-. Mu'jam rijal al-hadith. Beirut: Dar al-Zahra, 1409 AH.
  • Kulayni, Muhammad al-. al-Kafi. Ed. 'Ali Akbar Ghaffari. Tehran: 1388 AH.
  • Najashi, Ahmad al-. Al-Rijal. Ed. Musa Shaubayri Zanjani. Qom: 1407AH.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Ikhtiyar ma'rifat al-rijal. Ed. Hasan Mustafawi. Mashhad: 1348 Sh.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Tahdhib al-ahkam. Ed. Hasan Musawi Khurasan. Tehran: 1390 AH.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Rijal al-Tusi. Ed. Muhammad Sadiq Bahr al-'Ulum. Najaf: 1381/1961.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Fihrist. Ed. Mahmud Ramyar. Mashhad: 1351 Sh.