'Aziz Allah 'Atarudi
ʿAzīz Allāh ʿAtārudī (Persian: عزیزالله عطاردی, b. 1347/1928 - d. 1435/2014) was Shiite author that wrote many books concerning hadiths, history, geography, philology and bibliography. He studied in seminary schools of Quchan, Mashhad, Tehran and Najaf. He published volumes concerning the chains of transmitters of hadiths from Ahl al-Bayt (a), as well volumes concerning the culture of Khorasan and the culture of Sistan. 'Atarudi traveled to different countries for his scholarly purposes.
|Religious Affiliation||Twelver Shi'a|
|Place of Birth||Quchan|
|Studied in||Quchan • Mashhad • Tehran • Najaf|
|Professors||Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim, Al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei, Sayyid Muhammad Hadi Milani, Aqa Buzurg Tihrani, 'Abd al-Husayn Amini|
|Permission for Hadith|
|Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim • Al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei|
He began his preliminary education at home—the village of Bayglar near Quchan. At the age of fourteen, he learned Jami' al-muqaddamat there. He then went to the seminary of Quchan. In 1948, he went to Mashhad and resided in Balasar Seminary. His interest in Ibn Abi l-Hadid's Sharh nahj al-balagha and Bihar al-anwar led him to do research about Nahj al-balagha and hadiths. In 1952, he moved to Tehran.
For one year, he resided in 'Abd al-'Azim Seminary in Rey and then in Shaykh 'Abd al-Husayn Seminary in the bazar of Tehran. From 1955 to 1961, he began to edit texts and cooperate with publishers and other editors. In the meanwhile, he frequently visited Qom, where he learned from scholars of the city.
In 1964, he went to Najaf, but after one year, he returned to Iran because of heat and illness. 'Atarudi received permissions for the transmission of hadiths from Aqa Buzurg Tihrani, Sayyid Muhammad Hadi Milani, Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei, Sayyid Muhsin Hakim and others.
To complete his researches, 'Aziz Allah 'Atarudi visited many libraries in Iran and other countries. In 1965, he visited Mecca and Medina where he stayed for a long time. He then went to India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, UK, Italy, the Netherlands, France, Belgium, Germany, Turkey, Russia, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, where he gathered remarkable data for his studies. He went on all these trips with his own expenses. He stayed in schools and Islamic centers in these countries.
- Main article: List of Works by 'Aziz Allah 'Atarudi
'Atarudi has over fifty books within over hundred volumes. His works are classified into writings, translationsand edits concerning history, geography, hadiths, philologyand bibliography. He was mostly concerned with the history and geography of Khorasan and chains of transmitters of hadiths from the Imams of the Shia. 'Aziz Allah 'Atarudi compiled such chains or musnads. In the jargons of hadiths, a “musnad” is a set of hadiths transmitted by one person. During time, the meaning of “musnad” was broadened to include every book that includes only what is transmitted from one Infallible leader or one transmitter of hadiths.
His works were results of his own personal efforts. That is, he took notes, wrote and made comparative readings all on his own.
In December 2006, a conference was held in Tehran for the tribute of 'Atarudi. Sayyid Mohammad Khatami, Ayatollah Ja'far Subhani and some seminary scholars, ministers and representatives of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran attended the conference.
The proceedings of the conference were published as a tribute to professor 'Atarudi within two volumes. The volumes consist of six parts: biography, works of hadiths, history, geography, philology, bibliography and other papers.
'Aziz Allah 'Atarudi died in Tehran on July 25 2014, at the age of eighty six. His funeral was held in Tehran and Mashhad and he was then buried in the Shrine of Imam al-Rida (a). Ayatollah Khamenei, the supreme leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran and many other figures such as Ayatollah Makarim Shirazi and Ayatollah Hashimi Rafsanjani, expressed their condolences for his demise.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عزیزالله عطاردی in Farsi WikiShia.