Abu l-Fath al-Amidi
|Full Name||Abu l-Fath Nasih al-Din 'Abd al-Wahid b. Muhammad al-Amidi|
|Well-Known As||Abu l-Fath al-Amidi|
|Death||510 or 520 or 550|
|Works||Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim,Jawahir al-kalam fi l-hukm wa l-ahkam|
|Scholar of Hadith|
|Judge of Amid (now Diyarbakir, Turkey)|
Abū l-Fatḥ Nāṣiḥ al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Wāhid b. Muḥammad al-Āmidī (Arabic: ابوالفتح ناصحالدین عبدالواحد بن محمد الآمِدی) (b.? - d. 510/1116, 520/1126 or 550/1155) was a hadith narrator, judge of Amid (now Diyarbakir, Turkey) and among Shi'a scholars. He owes his reputation to his Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim which is a great collection of Imam Ali's (a) maxims and short sayings.
His name has also been recorded as Muhamamd b. 'Abd al-Wahid.
There is not much information about his life and exact date of his birth or death are not mentioned in any reference of rijal. In his introduction to Jawahir al-kalam, al-Amidi mentions Ahmad al-Ghazzali (d. 520/1126) as his contemporary scholar. Also when listing Shi'a references, Ibn Shahr Ashub (d. 588/1192) mentions that he has received the permission for narrating Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kilam from al-Amidi.
Since Ibn Shahrashub has had permission for narrating Ghurar al-hikam from him and has counted this book among Shi'a references, other scholars such as al-Majlisi, Afandi Isfahani and Nuri have considered him a Twelver Shi'a and have regarded the complement expression "Karram-Allah-u wajhah" [May Allah brightens his face] which al-Amidi has used in his introduction to Ghurar al-hikam for Imam 'Ali (a) as an act of Taqiyya or a later modification by scribes.
Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim
- Main article: Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim (book)
In this book, Maxims are ordered alphabetically (the first word of sayings) and considering their rhythmic pronunciations. This book was translated to Persian and explained by Jamal al-Din Muhammad Khwansari (d. 1121/1709 or 1125/1713) in 12th/18th century, following the order of Shah Sultan Husayn Safavi.
Haji Khalifa has quoted a part of the introduction of this book.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from ابوالفتح آمدی in Farsi Wikishia.