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Abu l-Fath al-Amidi

Abu l-Fath al-Amidihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Abu l-Fath Nasih al-Din 'Abd al-Wahid b. Muhammad al-Amidi
Well-Known As Abu l-Fath al-Amidi
Death 510 or 520 or 550
Scholarly Information
Works Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim,Jawahir al-kalam fi l-hukm wa l-ahkam
Scholarly
Activities
Scholar of Hadith
Socio-Political Activities
Socio-Political
Activities
Judge of Amid (now Diyarbakir, Turkey)

Abū l-Fatḥ Nāṣiḥ al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Wāhid b. Muḥammad al-Āmidī (Arabic: ابوالفتح ناصح‌الدین عبدالواحد بن محمد الآمِدی) (b.? - d. 510/1116, 520/1126 or 550/1155) was a hadith narrator, judge of Amid (now Diyarbakir, Turkey) and among Shi'a scholars. He owes his reputation to his Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim which is a great collection of Imam Ali's (a) maxims and short sayings.

Contents

Name

His name has also been recorded as Muhamamd b. 'Abd al-Wahid.

Birth

There is not much information about his life and exact date of his birth or death are not mentioned in any reference of rijal. In his introduction to Jawahir al-kalam, al-Amidi mentions Ahmad al-Ghazzali (d. 520/1126) as his contemporary scholar. Also when listing Shi'a references, Ibn Shahr Ashub (d. 588/1192) mentions that he has received the permission for narrating Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kilam from al-Amidi.

Demise

His demise is recorded differently as 510/1116, 520/1126 or 550/1155. In the introduction to Ghurar al-hikam, Muhaddith Urmawi prefers 550/1155 due to some evidences.

Religion

Since Ibn Shahrashub has had permission for narrating Ghurar al-hikam from him and has counted this book among Shi'a references, other scholars such as al-Majlisi, Afandi Isfahani and Nuri have considered him a Twelver Shi'a and have regarded the complement expression "Karram-Allah-u wajhah" [May Allah brightens his face] which al-Amidi has used in his introduction to Ghurar al-hikam for Imam 'Ali (a) as an act of Taqiyya or a later modification by scribes.

Works

Ghurar al-hikam wa durar al-kalim

In this book, Maxims are ordered alphabetically (the first word of sayings) and considering their rhythmic pronunciations. This book was translated to Persian and explained by Jamal al-Din Muhammad Khwansari (d. 1121/1709 or 1125/1713) in 12th/18th century, following the order of Shah Sultan Husayn Safavi.

Jawahir al-Kalam

Haji Khalifa has quoted a part of the introduction of this book.

References