Adam b. Ishaq
|Adam b. Ishaq|
Tomb of Adam b. Ishaq in Shaykhan Cemetery
|Full Name||Adam b. Ishaq b. Adam b. Abd Allah b. Sa'd al-Ash'ari al-Qummi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Hadi (a)|
|Wellknown Relatives||Ishaq b.Adam, Zakariyya b. Adam (his uncle),|
|Place(s) of Residence||Qom|
|Burial Place||Sheykhan cemetery|
|Students||Ibrahim b. Hashim|
|Activities||transmitter of hadith|
Ādam b. Isḥāq b. Ādam b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿd al-Ashʿari al-Qummī (Arabic: آدم بن اسحاق بن آدم بن عبدالله بن سعد الأشعري القمي) was among the transmitters of hadiths in third/ninth century. He was considered among the companions of Imam al-Hadi (a). Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi and Ibrahim b. Hashim transmitted hadiths from him. His grave is in Shaykhan cemetery in Qom.
Family and Lineage
Adam b. Ishaq was among famous personalities of Al-Ash'ari Family in Qom. His father Ishaq b. Adam was contemporary with Imam al-Rida (a) and transmitted hadiths from him. His grandfather, Adam b. 'Abd Allah was among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a). Also, his uncle, Zakariyya b. Adam was among the transmitters of hadiths and companions of Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a).
Position in Transmitting Hadiths
Adam b. Ishaq lived in second/eighth and third/ninth centuries in Qom. Undoubtedly, he was contemporary with Imams of Shi'a but available historical sources have not mentioned the names of them; while, it can be claimed that he was contemporary with Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad and Imam al-Hadi (a), because his father, Ishaq b. Adam and his pupil, Ibrahim b. Hashim were among transmitters of hadiths and companions of Imam al-Rida (a). Also, another pupil of his, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa was a companion of three of Imams (a), namely Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a).
Shi'a scholars of rijal including al-Najashi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-Allama al-Hilli mentioned Adam b. Ishaq a trustworthy person. Also, the Sunni scholar, Ibn Hajar Asqalani, the author of Lisan al-mizan mentioned him and quoted from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi that he introduced Adam b. Ishaq, a humble ascetic.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from آدم بن اسحاق in Farsi WikiShia.