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Al-Khisal
Author Al-Shaykh al-Saduq
Original title الخصال
Country Iran
Language Arabic
Subject Ethical narrations
Publisher Jami'a Mudarrisin publications, Qom, 1362 Sh
Full text Shia Online Library
English translation
En. title A Numeric Classification of Traditions on Characteristics
Translator Ali Peiravi & Talat June Peiravi
En. publisher Ansariyan Publications, Qom, Iran

Al-Khiṣāl (Arabic: الخصال, lit: The Traits), is an Arabic book written by Muhammad b. Husayn b. Babawayh al-Qummi known as al-Shaykh al-Saduq (d. 381/991). He is considered one of the greatest Shi'a jurists (faqih) and hadith transmitters in the 4th/10th century. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq has collected many hadith narrations in ethics and beliefs in "al-Khisal" and has categorized the hadiths based on the numbers in every hadith. The book is unique and is the first book written in this manner.

Contents

Author

Main article: Al-Shaykh al-Saduq

Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. 'Ali b. Al-Husayn b. Musa al-Qummi (ابوجعفر محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن موسی القمي) (after 305/917 — 381/991), commonly known as al-Shaykh al-Saduq (الشيخ الصدوق), or Ibn Babawayh (ابن‌ بابويه), was one of the greatest Shi'a traditionists and the compiler of Man la yahduruh al-faqih, one of the Four Books of Shi'a.

Purpose of writing

Al-Shaykh al-Saduq says:

"Studying the books of great scholars, I realized that they have written books in different branches of science, but there isn't any book written about the connection of numbers, and negative and positive attributes. So according to the great benefit of the subject for the seeker of knowledge, I began to write such a book in order to become close to God, so that I gain the divine reward; and reach the happiness and mercy of God. And I ask Allah that he doesn't disappoint my hope; He has the power over everything."[1]

Authenticity

Al-Khisal, just like other books of al-Shaykh al-Saduq, had gained the attention of Shi'a scholars, and its hadiths have been reported in many Shi'a hadith collections like the four books, Bihar al-anwar, and Wasa'il al-Shi'a.

Content

Al-Khisal, despite its low bulk, is a huge encyclopedia of Islamic knowledge and also mentions some historical, exegetical, philosophical, and political subjects.

Al-Khisal contains 1255 hadiths.

English translation of al-Khisal: A Numeric Classification of Traditions on Characteristics

The title of each chapter is according to numbers: the hadiths containing one trait are in chapter one; the hadiths containing two traits are in chapter two, and so on.

For example:

  • Chapter one: One sign of the affection for the world
  • Chapter two: Two characteristics of a Shi'a.
  • Chapter three: Three characteristics which have to be in a person to be a faithful.
  • Chapter four: Four things which is not accepted about four things.
  • Chapter five: Five signs of the faith.
  • Chapter six: Six deeds for going to paradise.
  • Chapter seven: Seven things which the Prophet (s) prohibited.
  • Chapter eight: Eight groups from whom the prayer is not accepted
  • Chapter nine: Nine names of Lady Fatima (a) with Allah
  • Chapter ten: Ten characteristics of Imam

English Translation

This book has been translated to English titled A Numeric Classification of Traditions on Characteristics[2]. Also, a part of book is published under the name The prophetic hadiths in al-khisal [3]

Notes

  1. al-Shaykh al-Saduq, al-Khisal, p.1
  2. Qom: Ansaiyan, 2008
  3. Message of Thaqalayn, vol. 10. no. 1, Spring 1430/2009.

References

  • Shaykh al-Saduq, Muhammad b. 'Ali al-. Al-Khisal. Edited by 'Ali Akbar Ghaffari. Qum: Jami'a Mudarrisin, 1362 Sh.

External Links