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Al-Mahasin
Bibliographical Information
Author Abu Ja'far, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi
Original title المحاسن
Language Arabic
Subject Hadith Collection
Published 1436/2014-2015
Publisher I'tiqad-i Ma
Pages 982

Al-Maḥāsin (Arabic: المَحاسِن ) is a Shi'a hadith reference written by Abu Ja'far, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi (d. 274/887-888). He was a great Shi'a scholar and his book was later well-known as al-Mahasin al-Barqi (Arabic: المَحاسِن البَرقي).

Contents

Validity

The book is among the best Shi'a hadith references which has great validity and some scholars have even considered it as important as the Four Books. It is also among the most important references of al-Kafi written by Thiqat al-Islam al-Kulayni and he has frequently quoted from al-Mahasin.[1]

Quotations from Great Scholars

Al-Mahasin was one of Al-Shaykh al-Saduq's sources in compiling Man la yahduruh al-faqih, he wrote: "I have extracted the hadiths in this book [Man la yahduruh] from reliable sources which are famous among Shi'a jurists and they refer to them such as al-Mahasin written by Ahmad b. Abi 'Abd Allah al-Barqi."[2]

In the chapter of Mustatrafat, about the end of al-Sara'ir, Ibn Idris al-Hilli has mentioned al-Mahasin as one of the reliable Shi'a books of hadiths.[3]

Qadi Nur Allah Shushtari considered this book the fifth reliable Shi'a reference and of similar importance as of the Four Books.[4]

In his Persian commentary on Man la yahduruh al-faqih , Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, the father of al-Allama al-Majlisi wrote, "We have al-Mahasin in hands and according to what great scholars have said about it, its author has been a great person, reliable and trustworthy and what is survived from the book is about one third of the original book."[5]

Chapters

  1. Kitab al-ashkal wa l-qara'in (the Book of diagrams and evidences) including those hadiths in which digits 3 to 10 have been used, in addition to advice from the Prophet (s) and Ahl al-Bayt (a).
  2. Kitab thawab al-a'mal (the book of rewards of actions) including hadiths about rewards of different good actions.
  3. Kitab 'iqab al-a'mal (the book of punishments of actions) including hadiths about sins and punishments for misdeeds.
  4. Kitab al-safwat wa al-nur wa al-rahma (the book of elite, light and mercy) including hadiths about position of the Prophet (s) and Ahl al-Bayt (a) and their followers.
  5. Kitab masabih al-zulam (the book of the Lanterns of darkness) including issues on recognition and knowledge of the truth.
  6. Kitab al-'ilal (the book of causes) including discussions on religious rulings.
  7. Kitab al-safar (the book of traveling) including rulings and hadiths about journey.
  8. Kitab al-ma'akil (the book of what is eaten) including food and beverages.
  9. Kitab al-ma' (the book of waters) including the rulings about waters.
  10. Kitab al-manafi' (the book of interests) including rulings on consulting.
  11. Kitab al-marafiq (the book of amenities) including the rulings of the house, cleaning and transportation vehicles.

Comparison with other Collections of Hadiths

Important Shiite collections of hadiths The author Death Number of hadiths descriptions
al-Mahasin Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Barqi 274/887 about 2604 Hadiths regarding different topics such as fiqh and ethics
al-Kafi Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni 329/940 about 16000 Variety of hadiths regarding the principles of beliefs, ethics, conducts, and fiqh
Man la yahduruh al-faqih al-Shaykh al-Saduq 381/991 about 5500 Hadiths regarding fiqh
Tahdhib al-ahkam al-Shaykh al-Tusi 460/1067 about 13600 Hadiths regarding fiqh
Al-Istibsar al-Shaykh al-Tusi 460/1067 about 5500 Hadiths regarding fiqh
al-Wafi al-Fayd al-Kashani 1091/1680 about 50,000 Collection of hadiths in the Four Books with eliminating repeated hadiths and explaining some hadiths
Wasa'il al-shi'a al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili 1104/1692 35850 Hadiths regarding fiqh in the Four Books and over 70 other collections of hadiths
Bihar al-anwar al-'Allama al-Majlisi 1110/1698 about 85,000 Hadiths from most of the Infallibles (a) regarding various issues
Mustadrak al-wasa'il Mirza Husayn Nuri 1320/1902 23,514 Supplementation of hadiths regarding fiqh in Wasa'il al-shi'a
Safinat al-bihar Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi 1359/1940 10 volumes an alphabetically ordered index for Bihar al-anwar
Mustadrak safinat al-bihar Shaykh 'Ali Namazi 1405/1984 10 volumes Supplementation of Safinat al-bihar
Jami' ahadith al-Shi'a Ayatollah Burujirdi 1380/1960 48,342 Including all Shiite hadiths regarding fiqh
Mizan al-hikma Muhammad Muhammadi Reyshahri contemporary 23,030 564 non-jurisprudential (not regarding fiqh) topics
al-Hayat Muhammad Rida Hakimi contemporary 12 volumes 40 chapters regarding theoretical and practical issues

Notes

  1. al-Barqi. Al-Mahasin. vol. 1, Introduction.
  2. al-Shaykh al-Saduq.Man la yahduruh al-faqih. vol. 1, p. 4.
  3. al-Hilli, Ibn idris. Mustatrafat al-Sara'ir. p. 641.
  4. al-Barqi. al-Mahasin. vol. 1, p. 10.
  5. Majlisi, Muhammad Taqi. Lawami' Sahibqarani. vol. 1, p. 193.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from المحاسن in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Al-Barqi, Ahmad b. Muhammad, al-Mahasin, Tehran, Dar al-kutub al-Islamiyyah, 1370/1950-1951.
  • Al-Hilli, Ibn idris, Mustatrafat al-sara'ir, Qom, Jami'at al-Mudarrisin, 1411/1990-1991.
  • Al-Saduq, Muhammad b. 'Ali, Man la yahduruh al-faqih, Qom, Jami'at al-Mudarrisin.
  • Majlisi, Muhammad Taqi, Lawami' sahibqarani, Qom, Isma'iliyan.