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Al-Mahdi al-'Abbasi

Al-Mahdī al-ʿAbbāsī (b. 126/743-44 - d. 169/785-86) was the third Abbasid caliph who reached caliphate during the imamate of Imam al-Kazim (a). His rule began in 158/775 and ended in 169/785-86. Some sources, based on historical evidence, believe that Mahdawiyya and his father's goals were influential in titling him as al-Mahdi. In 159/775-76, he summoned Imam al-Kazim (a) to Baghdad and then imprisoned him for a while.

Al-Mahdi al-'Abbasi
Third 'Abbasid Caliph
Personal Information
Name Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah
Teknonym Abu 'Abd Allah
Epithet al-Mahdi
Birth 126/744, Humayma
Death 169/785-86
Father Al-Mansur al-Dawaniqi
Children Al-Hadi, Harun
Dynasty Abbasids
Reign 158/775 - 169/785-86
Contemporary with Imam al-Kazim (a)
Activities Sending armies to Roman Empire and India several times
Remnants Developing roads which reached Mecca and expanding al-Masjid al-Haram
Predecessor Al-Mansur
Successor Al-Hadi

At the beginning of his caliphate, al-Mahdi al-'Abbasi avoided to kill and torture Shi'a. He released imprisoned Shi'a and assigned allowance for them. During his rule, some rebellions were made which were suppressed by the government. He sent armies to Roman Empire and India several times.