Bashir b. Sa'd
|Bashir b. Sa'd|
|Full Name||Abū Nuʿmān, Bashīr b. Saʿd|
|Well-Known Relatives||Nu'man b. Bashir|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina|
|Cause of Death/Martyrdom||Passed away from the injury|
|Burial Place||near al-Anbar, Iraq|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Badr, Uhud|
Abū Nuʿmān, Bashīr b. Saʿd (Arabic: ابونُعمان بشیر بن سَعد) (d. 12/633-4) was a companion to the Prophet (s) and from Ansar. He lived in Medina and was from Banu Malik, a clan of Khazraj. He was among a group of residents of Yathrib, who gave allegiance to the Prophet (s) in 'Aqaba treaty. He participated in the battles of Badar, Uhud and other battles.
Lineage and Children
Participations in Battles
In Sha'ban and Shawwal of 7/628, he was sent to two military missions by the Prophet (s). In the first mission, the Prophet (s) sent Bashir along with 30 Muslims to Banu Murra in Fadak. Although his associates finally achieved the intended result to some extent; he was badly injured during the battle that his associates had to come back to Medina without him. He stayed in Fadak for a while for treatment and then returned to Medina.
Allegiance to Abu Bakr
It is probable that his envy of Sa'd b. 'Ubada –the elite from Khazraj, who was trying hard to take over the leadership of Khazraj- influenced him to hurry in swearing allegiance to Abu Bakr. However, this subject (who was the first one gave allegiance to Abu Bakr?) later lead to dispute and contention between Aws and Khazraj.
In the Caliphate period of Abu Bakr, there were invasions and seizures by commandership of Khalid b. Walid in some regions of current Iraq. Bashir b. Sa'd was in Khalid b. Walid's army. In 12 AH/633, Bashir was injured in Baniqiya a region of 'Ayn al-Tamr –located west of Kufa and near al-Anbar- and passed away from the injury. He was buried in the same region.
Narration of Hadith
- Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.101
- Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.101; al-Baladhuri, Vol.1, P.244
- Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P. 348; Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Vol.1, P.172
- Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, PP.5-6
- Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.182; al-Baladhuri, Vol.1, P.244; al-Ya'qubi, Vol.2, P.124
- al-Tabari, Vol.3, P.221
- Zubayr b. Bakkar, P. 578
- Ibn Abi l-Hadid, Vol.6, P. 12
- al-Waqidi, Vol.2, P.165; Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Vol.1, P.173
- Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Vol.1, P.173
- al-Baladhuri, PP.473-4
- Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad. 1959. Ansab al-ashraf Ed. Muhammad Hamid Allah. Cairo.
- Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, Yusuf. 1380 AH/1960. Al-Isti'ab Ed. 'Ali Muhammad Bajawi. Cairo.
- Ibn Abi l-Hadid, 'Abd al-Hamid. 1378 AH. Sharh Nahj al-Balagha Ed. Muhammad Abu l-Fadl Ibrahim. Cairo.
- Ibn Hisham, 'Abd al-Malik. 1355 AH/1936. Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya Ed. Mustafa Saqa and et al. Cairo.
- Ibn Sa'd , Muhammad. n.d. Al-Tabaqat al-kubra. Beirut: Dar Sadir.
- Al-Tabari, Muhammad b. Jarir. n.d. Al-Tarikh.
- Al-Waqidi, Muhammad. 1966. Al-Maghazi Ed. Marceden Jones. London.
- Al-Ya'qubi, Ahmad. n.d. Al-Tarikh. Beirut: Dar Sadir.
- Zubayr b. Bakkar. 1972. Al-Akhbar al-muwaffaqiyyat Ed. Sami Makki 'Ani. Baghdad.