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Congregational Prayer

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Masjid al-Haram, Congregational Prayer

Congregational prayer (Arabic: صلاة الجماعة) a prayer which is held in congregation. Congregational prayer is among the important acts of worship in Islam. In congregation prayer, whoever stands in the front and is followed by the people, is called "Imam" (someone who leads the prayer) and the one following him is called "Ma'mum", literally the one who is led.

Some narrations imply that Islamic prayer was legislated originally as a congregational worship.[1] The Prophet (s) and Imam 'Ali (a) performed the first congregational prayer.

According to Shi'a view, participation in congregational prayer is recommended and only performing daily prayers, ayat prayer, Eid prayers, funeral prayer, and Friday prayer are valid to be performed in congregational form. Sunni schools have disagreements with Shi'a in this regard.



According to Qur'an, Allah has ordered twice to pray congregationally,[2] also in narrations along with strong recommendation, numerous impacts and consequences have been mentioned; such as: