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In the Qur'an

The term is used once in the Qur'an in Sura al-Ghafir verse 15:

Meaning of "Talaq"

"Talaq" literally means an encounter or meeting.[1]

Different interpretations have been proposed for "talaq" in the above verse:

  • There is a hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a) according to which "Yawm al-Talaq" is a day in which inhabitants of the sky and the Earth will meet.[2]
  • Al-Shaykh al-Mufid takes "Yawm al-Talaq" to mean the meeting of the soul and the body on the day of resurrection. It seems that he has the physical resurrection in mind.[3]
  • It means the meeting of all people from the past to the last nations,[4] as another verse of the Qur'an reads: "Indeed, the former and the later peoples * Are to be gathered together for the appointment of a known Day".[5]
  • It means the meeting with God.[6] According to a verse in Sura al-Inshiqaq, "indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet Him".[7]
  • It means the encounter with, or facing, one's actions.[8] According to a verse in Sura Al 'Imran, "The Day every soul will find what it has done of good present [before it] and what it has done of evil".[9]

Notes

  1. Rāghib al-Iṣfahānī, Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān, p. 745.
  2. Ṣadūq, Maʿānī l-akhbār, p. 156.
  3. Mufīd, al-Masāʾil al-ʿukbarīyya, p. 42.
  4. Bahāʾī, Miftāḥ al-falāḥ, p. 161.
  5. Quran, 56:49, 50.
  6. Bahāʾī, Miftāḥ al-falāḥ, p. 161.
  7. Qur'an, 84:6.
  8. Bahāʾī, Miftāḥ al-falāḥ, p. 161.
  9. Qur'an, 3:30.

References

  • Bahāʾī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn. Miftāḥ al-falāḥ fī ʿamal al-yawm wa l-layla min al-wajibāt wa l-mustaḥabbāt. Beirut: Nashr Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1405 AH.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Al-Masāʾil al-ʿukbarīyya. Qom: al-Muʾtamar al-ʿĀlamī li-Alfīyat al-Shaykh al-Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Rāghib al-Iṣfahānī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad. Mufradāt alfāẓ al-Qurʾān. Beirut: Dār al-Shāmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Maʿānī l-akhbār. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1403 AH.