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Mujtahid

(Redirected from Faqih)

Mujtahid (Arabic: مُجْتَهِد) or faqīh (Arabic: فَقیه; translated as "jurist") is a person who has the ability to deduce the jurisprudential (fiqhi) rulings from reliable sources. There are different types of mujtahids: absolute (mutlaq) and partial (mutajazzi); actual and potential; the most knowledgeable (a'lam), and qualified (jami' al-shara'it). Well-known Shiite mujtahids and faqihs include al-Shaykh al-Tusi, al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli, al-'Allama al-Hilli, al-Shaykh al-Ansari, and Mirza Shirazi.

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Muhammad Hasan Najafi, known as Sahib Jawahir, Shia Faqih in the 13th century

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Definition

A "mujtahid" or "faqih" refers to someone who has the ability to deduce jurisprudential rulings from reliable sources.[1] The process of deducing such rulings from evidence or the ability to do so is called "ijtihad".[2]

Difference between Mujtahid and Marja'

Main article: Marja'iyya

Not all mujtahids are marja'. Marja' is a mujtahid who is followed by other people; that is, people practice their religious obligations in accordance with his fatwas or jurisprudential views and pay their religious payments (al-wujuhat al-shar'iyya) to him or his representatives.[3]

Types of Mujtahid or Faqih

According to different distinctions, a mujtahid can be of the following types:

Abso