Mujtahid(Redirected from Faqih)
Mujtahid (Arabic: مُجْتَهِد) or faqīh (Arabic: فَقیه; translated as "jurist") is a person who has the ability to deduce the jurisprudential (fiqhi) rulings from reliable sources. There are different types of mujtahids: absolute (mutlaq) and partial (mutajazzi); actual and potential; the most knowledgeable (a'lam), and qualified (jami' al-shara'it). Well-known Shiite mujtahids and faqihs include al-Shaykh al-Tusi, al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli, al-'Allama al-Hilli, al-Shaykh al-Ansari, and Mirza Shirazi.
A "mujtahid" or "faqih" refers to someone who has the ability to deduce jurisprudential rulings from reliable sources. The process of deducing such rulings from evidence or the ability to do so is called "ijtihad".
Difference between Mujtahid and Marja'
- Main article: Marja'iyya
Not all mujtahids are marja'. Marja' is a mujtahid who is followed by other people; that is, people practice their religious obligations in accordance with his fatwas or jurisprudential views and pay their religious payments (al-wujuhat al-shar'iyya) to him or his representatives.
Types of Mujtahid or Faqih
According to different distinctions, a mujtahid can be of the following types: