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Fatima bt. al-Imam al-Hasan (a)

Fatima bt. al-Imam al-Hasan
Wife of Imam al-Sajjad (a)
Kunya Umm Muhammad or Umm 'Abd Allah
Epithet Al-Siddiqa
Lineage Banu Hashim
Well-known Relatives Imam al-Hasan (a) (father), Imam al-Baqir (a) (son)
Place of Residence Medina
Era Umayyad Dynasty
Known for Mother of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Activities Present at the Battle of Karbala, one of Captives of Karbala

Fāṭima bt. Imām al-Ḥasan al-Mujtabā (a) (Arabic:فاطمة بنت الإمام الحسن) was the wife of Imam al-Sajjad (a) and the mother of Imam al-Baqir (a) who was among captives of the family of Imam al-Husayn (a) after the Tragedy of Karbala.

Kunyas, Titles, and Position

Her Kunya was Umm Muhammad or Umm 'Abd Allah or Umm 'Abduh and her title was (mentioned in a hadith as) al-Siddiqa. In a narration, Jabir says that he had seen the names of the mothers of Imams (a) in Sahifa Fatima. In this narration, he has mentioned Umm 'Abd Allah daughter of al-Hasan b. Ali b. Abi Talib as the mother of Imam al-Baqir (a).

Imam al-Baqir (a) said that once his mother pointed to the wall and prevented it from collapsing.

There is no mention of the mother of Umm 'Abd Allah, the time or place of her burial in historical sources.

Presence in Karbala

Fatima bt. al-Hasan (a) was present in Karbala and was taken captive together with other people left from the family of Imam al-Husayn (a).

The marriage of Fatima with 'Ali b. al-Husayn (a) cause their children to be descended from Imam al-Hasan (a) on the mother's side and from Imam al-Husyan (a) on their father's side. After this marriage, Imam al-Baqir (a) was known as a Hashimi among Hashimiyyun, an 'Alawi among 'Alawiyyun or a Fatimi among Fatimiyyun.