Open main menu

WikiShia β

Hanzala b. As'ad al-Shibami

Companion of Imam (a)
Hanzala b. As'ad al-Shibami
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Martyred in the battle of Karbala
Burial Place Karbala

Ḥanẓala b. Asʿad al-Shibāmī (Arabic: حَنْظَلَة بن أسعَد الشِبامي) or al-Shāmī (الشامي) was a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) who was martyred during the Battle of Karbala in the Day of 'Ashura 61/680.

Disagreement over his Name

There is a disagreement about his name. In the list of names of Imam al-Husayn's (a) companions, Al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentions him as Hanzala b. As'ad al-Shibami. In some texts, however, the name of his father is mentioned as Sa'd. Ibn Shahrashub mentions a person called "Sa'd b. Hanzala" as a martyr of karbala. However, al-Tustari believes that his name is Hanzala b. As'ad al-Shibami as explicitly mentioned in 'Uyun akhbar al-Rida (a).

In Karbala

According to historical sources, Hanzala went to Imam al-Husayn (a) on the Day of Ashura, and in the presence of the Imam (a), he shouted the Quran 40:30-33, to the army of Kufa:

O my people! Indeed I fear for you [a day] like the day of the [heathen] factions; like the case of the people of Noah, of ʿĀd and Thamūd, and those who were after them, and Allah does not desire any wrong for [His] servants. O my people! I fear for you a day of mutual distress calls, a day when you will turn back [to flee], not having anyone to protect you from Allah, and whomever Allah leads astray has no guide.

He then said: "O people, do not kill Husayn; you will be destroyed with a divine punishment, and whoever tells lies will be disappointed."

Imam al-Husayn (a) said in response:

O Ibn Sa'd! May God bless you. They deserved the punishment when they rejected your call and attacked you to shed your blood and the blood of your friends, let alone now that they have martyred your pious friends.

Then Hanzala said:

May I be thy ransom! You are right. You are more knowledgeable than me with respect to religion and you understand it better. Let us go to the afterlife and join our brothers … God's blessings be upon you, O Aba 'Abd Allah, and your pure household. May God make me your companion in the Heaven.

While Imam al-Husayn (a) was saying "Amin", Hanzala went to the battlefield, and was martyred after killing some people in the army of Kufa.