Heaven or al-Janna (Arabic: الجنة) is, according to Muslims, a place in the Afterlife where righteous and prosperous people will reside and enjoy divine blessings. The place where Adam (a) and Eve lived before their fall (hubut) to the Earth, is also referred to as "al-Janna".
There are over two hundred verses of the Qur'an as well as many hadiths from the Infallibles (a) with regard to the Heaven and its features, such as its vastness, the number of Heavens, variety and features of its blessings, things in the Heaven, the purpose of the creation, the characteristics of its residents, characters and actions that make one deserve to reside in the Heaven, people who are deprived of the Heaven, and the relationship between residents of the Heaven.
Although the belief in the Heaven is a crucial Islamic doctrine, there are disagreements among Muslim theologians over whether the Heaven will be created in the Afterlife or it is already created. Moreover, Muslim scholars, both Shi'as and Sunnis, dispute over whether the Heaven and its blessings are corporeal or spiritual.
The Notion and Related Terms
The Heaven is a place in the Afterlife where righteous and prosperous people will reside and enjoy divine blessings.
There are over two hundred Qur'anic verses and many hadiths from the Infallibles (a) with regard to the Heaven. Here are the themes of Qur'anic verses regarding the Heaven: features of the Heaven, its main characteristics, the vastness and the type of its space, variety of its blessings, features of its blessings, purpose of the creation of the Heaven, what makes people deserve the Heaven, what deprives people of the Heaven, and finally, the relationship between the residents of the Heaven. In addition to emphasizing the end of the world and occurrence of the resurrection and the beginning of a new life in the Afterlife, the Qur'an refers to the Heaven in different ways:
1-"Jannat" (literally meaning the garden; its plural form is: "Jannāt", الجنات): it has occurred over 100 times in the Qur'an. It is sometimes used with another noun or adjective, such as "Jannat al-Khuld" (جنّة الخلد, the Garden of Eternity), "Jannat al-Na'im" (جنة النعیم, the Garden of Bliss), "Jannat al-Ma'wa" (جنّة المأوی, the Garden of Abode), "Jannāt 'Adn" (جنّاتُ عدن, Gardens of Eden), and "Jannāt al-Firdaws" (