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Ibrahim b. Mahziyar

Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Mahzīyār al-Ahwāzī (Arabic: ابواسحاق ابراهیم بن مهزیار الاهوازی) is one of the Shi'a hadith narrators in the third/ninth centuries. He was the famous companion of Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-'Askari (a). The scholars of 'ilm al-rijal consider him a reliable hadith transmitter, albeit they have different ideas about the level of his reliability in hadith transmission.

Companion of Imam (a)
Ibrahim b. Mahziyar
Companion of Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-'Askari (a)
Teknonym Abu Ishaq
Religious Affiliation Shi'a Islam
Wellknown Relatives 'Ali b. Mahziyar (brohter), 'Ali b. Ibrahim b. Mahziyar, Muhammad b. Ibrahim b. Mahziyar
Birth ~195/811
Death/Martyrdom ~265/879
Professors 'Ali b. Mahziyar, Salih b. Sindi, Faddala b. Ayyub, Ibn Abi 'Umayr
Works Al-Bisharat

Contents

Lineage

There is not enough information about his life. We can only get some information about him from the sources of 'ilm al-rijal and hadith. His ancestors lived in Dawraq in Khuzestan. His father was a Christian who converted to Islam.[1] His brother, 'Ali b. Mahziyar, is also one of the reliable Shi'a hadith transmitters.

Companion of Three Imams

He was the companion of Imam al-Jawad (a) (d. 220/835), Imam al-Hadi (a) (d. 254/868), Imam Hasan al-Askari (a) (d. 260/874),[2] and, according to some reports, Imam al-Mahdi (a). So it is estimated that he lived between 195/787 - 265/811. Ibn Babawayh has narrated a detailed hadith from Ibrahim which indicates that Ibrahim visited Imam al-Mahdi (a).[3] However, some have doubted the authenticity of this hadith.

Trustworthiness

Al-Kashshi has narrated a hadith from Ibrahim's son, Muhammad, that shows that he had communication with Imam al-Mahdi's (a) agents. There is another hadith suggesting that he was his brother's legatee;[4] and some rijal scholars consider this as a sign of his trustworthiness. [5] There is another hadith suggesting that he had been one of Imam al-'Askari's (s) agents,[6] and also some of rijal scholars, such as Mamaqani, considered this a sign of his trustworthiness and authenticity.[7]

Some believe, because Ibn Qulawayh has mentioned a hadith through Ibrahim in Kamil al-ziyarat, and because Ibn Qulawayh has said at the beginning of his book that he has only narrated from trustworthy narrators, Ibrahim can be considered trustworthy; however, al-'Allama al-Hilli believes that al-Kashshi's hadith is weak and has only praised him.[8]

Teachers

Apart from the hadiths that Ibrahim directly narrated from his contemporary Imams (a), he narrated other hadiths through:

Narrators

His name appears in the references of tens of Shi'a sources, to which great jurists like Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi referred. Following are some of narrators who narrated from him:

Works

Al-Bisharat is the only book which has been attributed to him.[9] It is probable that this book is his brother's book, which Ibrahim narrated from[10] and al-Najashi recorded it with the narrator's name as the author.

Notes

  1. Najāshī, Rijāl, vol. 2, p. 74-75.
  2. Ṣaffār, Baṣāʾir al-darajāt, p. 357; Ṭūsī, Rijāl, p. 399-410.
  3. Ṣadūq, Kamāl al-dīn, p. 445-453.
  4. Kulaynī, Furūʿ al-Kāfī, vol. 4, p. 310.
  5. Nūrī, Mustadrak al-Wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 550.
  6. Mufīd, al-Irshād, p. 681-682.
  7. Māmaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 1, p. 37.
  8. Hillī, Khulāsat al-aqwāl, vol. 1, p. 51.
  9. Najāshī, Rijāl, vol. 2, p. 74-75.
  10. Ṭūsī, Fihrist, p. 265-266.

References

  • Hillī, Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāsat al-aqwāl fī maʿrifat al-rijāl. Edited by Jawād al-Qayyūmī. [n.p]: Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Furūʿ al-Kāfī. Beirut: [n.p], 1401 AH.
  • Māmaqānī, Mīrzā ʿAbd Allāh al-. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī aḥwāl al-rijāl. Najaf: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Murtaḍawīyya, 1352 AH.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād fī maʿrifat ḥujaj Allāh ʿalā l-ʿibād. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Bihbūdī. Tehran: [n.p], 1351 Sh.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl. Edited by Muḥammad Jawād Nāʾīnī. Beirut: [n.p], 1408 AH.
  • Nūrī, Mīrzā Ḥusayn al-. Mustadrak al-Wasāʾil. Tehran: [n.p], 1321 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Kamāl al-dīn. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Qom: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1395 AH.
  • Ṣaffār, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Baṣāʾir al-darajāt. Edited by Muḥsen Kuchabāghī. Tehran: Manshūrāt al-Aʿlamī, 1381 Sh.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Fihrist. Edited by ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ṭabāṭabāyī. Qom: Maktabat al-Muḥaqiq Ṭabāṭabāyī, 1420 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Rijāl. Edited by Muḥammad Ṣādiq Āl Baḥr al-ʿUlūm. Najaf: [n.p], 1381 AH.