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A banquet of iftar in the holy shrine of Imam al-Rida (a)

Ifṭār (Arabic: إفطار) is breaking fast. Some manners are mentioned as recommended to be performed upon breaking fast (in maghrib), including reciting supplication and the Qur'an 97 (sura al-Qadr). In addition, it is mentioned as recommended to break fast with warm water and milk. Breaking the fast in the month of Ramadan and a fast of nadhr to be performed on a certain day before adhan of maghrib is forbidden in Islam. Also, one for whom fasting involves a harm or difficulty, has to break one's fast.

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Meaning

"Iftar" means breaking fast.[1] Also, eating before Eid al-Fitr prayer is called Iftar and is considered recommended.[2]

Iftar is obligatory in some cases and forbidden in some other cases. Its forbidden cases are breaking the fast in the month of Ramadan and fast of nadhr set to be performed on a certain day before adhan of maghrib. Other cases of forbidden breaking of fast are: breaking qada' fast after adhan of zuhr, breaking the fast in I'tikaf, breaking fast if the fasting person begins travel after adhan of zuhr.[3] If fasting involves a harm or difficulty, one has to break one's fast.[4]

Manners

Some manners are mentioned as recommended to be performed upon breaking fast including reciting supplication and the Qur'an 97 and breaking fast after performing maghrib prayer.[5] It is mentioned as recommended to break fast with warm water, milk and sweet foods, especially dates.[6]