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Iqāmah (Arabic: اِقامَة ) is a set of phrases recited after Adhan as an introduction for prayer. Reciting Iqamah is not compulsory before daily prayers, rather it is highly recommended and is one of the traditions of the Prophet (s).

Iqamah (Shia's):

Recital Arabic Transliteration Translation
2x «اللّٰهُ أكبَر» allāhu ʾakbar, allāhu ʾakbar * Allah is the greatest
2x «أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إلهَ إلّااللّٰهُ» ashhadu ʾan lā ilāha ʾillā-llāh * I bear witness there is no deity but Allah
2x «أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ اللّٰه» ashhadu ʾanna muḥammadan rasūlu-llāh * I bear witness Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah
2x «أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ عَليّاً وَلِيُّ اللّٰه» ashhadu ʾanna 'aliayyan waliu-llah * I bear witness Ali (a) is the vicegerent of Allah
2x «حَيَّ على الصَّلاةِ» ḥayya ʿala -ṣ-ṣalāh * Hurry toward prayer
2x «حَيَّ على الفَلاحِ» ḥayya ʿala -l-falāḥ * Hurry toward salvation
2x «حَيَّ على خَيْرِ العَمَلِ» ḥayya ʿala Khayr al-'amal * Hurry toward the best deed
2x «قَدْ قامَتِ الصّلاة» qad qāmat aṣ-ṣalāh * The prayer has certainly been established
2x «اللّٰهُ أكبَر» allāhu ʾakbar, allāhu ʾakbar * Allah is the greatest
1x «لا إلهَ إلّااللّٰهُ» lā ilāha ʾillā-llāh * There is no deity but Allah

Contents

Parts and Phrases

The phrases in Iqamah are the same as those of Adhan except for two:

  • The phrase "Qad qamat al-salat" (the prayer has certainly been established) is recited twice after "Hayya 'ala khayr al-'amal" (Hurry toward the best of deeds) and before the last two "Allah-u Akbar" (Allah is the greatest).
  • Iqamah starts with two "Allah-u Akbar" and ends with one "La ilaha illallah" (There is no deity but Allah) unlike Adhan which starts with four, and ends with two.

Third Testimony

Main article: Third Testimony

Reciting the phrase "Ashhad-u anna 'aliayyan waliullah" (I bear witness Ali is the vicegerent of Allah) is prevalent in Shi'a from the early times. However, according to Shi'a hadith and jurisprudential sources, it is not a part of Adhan nor Iqamah.

Among Sunnies

  • Hanafis recite every phrase of Iqamah twice.
  • Malikis recite every phrase of Iqamah once.
  • Hanbalis and majority of Shafi'is recite every phrase of Iqamah once except for "Qad qamat al-salat" which they recite it twice.

Related Rulings

See Also

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from اقامه in Farsi Wikishia.