Jamil b. Darraj
|Jamil b. Darraj|
|Companion of||Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a)|
|Teknonym||Abu 'Ali, Abu Muhammad|
|Wellknown Relatives||Nuh b. Darraj, his brother|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa|
|Activities||Joining Waqifiyya for a while, Jurist, one of People of Consensus|
Jamīl b. Darrāj (Arabic:جمیل بن درّاج) (b. before 128/746, d. ?), an outstanding Shi'a hadith transmitter, hadith scholar, and jurist of the 2/8century. After the demise of Imam al-Kazim (a), He became a Waqifi for a short time but soon he changed his mind and became one of the companions of Imam al-Rida (a).
Birth and Lineage
Exact date of his birth is not known. Since he is recorded among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), and Imam al-Rida (a), date of his birth has probably been at least 20 years before the martyrdom of Imam al-Sadiq (a) (approximately before 128/746).
His father, Abu al-Sabih al-Darraj was a shopkeeper, and his younger brother, Nuh b. Darraj was a trustworthy transmitter of hadiths and an outstanding figure among Shi'a of Kufa. He became the top judge of Kufa and for some years, he was the judge of eastern Baghdad.
He lived shortly after the demise of Imam al-Kazim (a) and was doubtful about the Imamate of Imam al-Rida (a) and became a Waqifi for a short period; but after realizing the evidences proving the Imamate of the Imam, he (along with some of the outstanding companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) such as, Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Bazanti and Yunus b. Ya'qub) changed his mind and became one of the loyal companions of Imam al-Rida (a).
Jamil b. Darraj was one of the most famous and trustworthy narrators of hadith and all scholars of 'ilm al-rijal recognized his authenticity and praised him by honorific titles such as: thiqah (trustworthy), shaykh or Wajh al-Ta'ifa (Honor of the Tribe). Each of these titles alone is a sign of his trustworthiness.
Imams (a) honored him and informed him of special narrations (probably including esoteric narrations about the high positions of Imams (a) and about other complicated issues difficult to understand for common people). Imam al-Sadiq (a) forbade him to publicize those narrations for the fear of being rejected by ordinary people.
People of Consensus
Al-Kashshi mentioned his name among 18 Shi'a jurists whose authority, authenticity, and knowledge is unanimously acknowledged by other Shi'a scholars. These 18 jurists are known as Ashab al-Ijma' (people of consensus) and have the highest level of validity in Shi'a hadith and jurisprudence.
His name is recorded in 570 narration chains of the Four Books as Jamil b. Darraj and several times as Jamil. Due to the fact that he shares the same name as Jamil b. Salih (one of the authentic companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)), hadith scholars differentiate between these two persons by the time and the names before and after him in the chain of narrators.
His narrations in the collections of hadith includes a wide range of topics including beliefs, morality, and ethics. He narrated 300 hadith directly from Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a), and Imam al-Kazim (a).
He also narrated hadith from 50 narrators who were mainly the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He narrated 92 hadiths from Zurarah b. A'yan, 55 hadith from Muhammad b. Muslim that both were among greatest shi'a hadith transmitters and jurists.
More than forty narrators transmitted hadith from Jamil, such as:
- Muhammad b. Abi 'Umayr al-Azdi, one of people of consensus and one of the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
- 'Ali b. al-Hadid, one of the companions of Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a)
- Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti, one of people of consensus and one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
- Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Hakim, one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a)
- Faddala b. Ayyub, one of people of consensus and one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
Three works are attributed to him. His independently written work is known as Asl and sometimes recorded as Kitab. His second work is written jointly with Murazim b. Hakim al-Azdi al-Mada'ini. His third work is written jointly with Muhammad b. Humran.
He went blind at the end of his life and passed away at the time of Imam al-Rida (a).
- The material for this article is mainly taken from جمیل بن دراج in Farsi WikiShia.
- Ibn Dawud al-Hilli, Kitab al-rijal, Tehran, Jalal al-Din Urmawai, 1342Sh.
- Ardabili, Muhammad, Jami' al-ruwat wa izahat al-ishtibahat 'an al-turuq wa al-asnad, Beirut, 1403Ah.
- Al-Hurr al-'Amili, Wasa'il al-Shi'a, Qom, Al Albayt, 1414AH.
- Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh Baghdad, Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.
- Kheoi, Abu l-Qasim, Mu'jam rijal al-hadith, Beirut, 1403AH.
- Sadr, Hasan, Nihayah al-diraya fi sharh al-risala al-mawsu'a bi-l-wajiza li-l-baha'i, Qom, Majid Gharbawi, 1413AH.
- Al-Tusi, Rijal al-Tusi, Qom, Jawad Qayyumi Isfahani, 1415AH.
- Al-Tusi, Fihrist kutub al-shi'a wa usulihim wa asma' al-musanifin wa ashab al-usul, Qom, 'Abd al-'Aziz Tabataba'i, 1420AH.
- Al-Tusi, Kitab al-Ghiba, Qom, 'Ibad Allah Tihrani and 'Ali Ahmad Nasih, Qom, 1411AH.
- Al-Kazimi, Muhammad Amin, Hidayat al-muhadithin ila tariqat al-muhammadin, Qom, Mahdi Raja'i, 1405AH.
- Al-Kashshi, Muhammad b. 'Umar, Ikhtiar Ma'rifat al-rijal, Mashhad, Hasan Mustafawi, 1348Sh.
- Najashi, Ahmad b. 'Ali, Fihrist asma' musannifi al-shi'a al-mushtahar bi-rijal al-najashi, Qom, Musa Shubairi Zanjani, 1407AH.
- Nuri, Husayn, Khatimat mustadrak al-wasa'il, Qom, 1415-1420AH.