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The holy shrine of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a).

Al-Kāẓimīya (Arabic:الکاظمیه) or al-Kāẓimīayn (الکاظمین) is among important religious cities of Iraq where the shrines of two infallible Imams (a), Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a) are located. This city is of great significance to Shi'a after the religious cities of Najaf and Karbala.

Kadhimiya is located on the west of Tigris River on the north-west of Baghdad. Some Shi'a scholars such as al-Shaykh al-Mufid and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi are buried in this city.

Contents

Naming

The reason for naming is because of the shrines of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a). Other names of this city are "Kazimayn", "Balad al-Kazimi", and "al-Mashhad al-Kazimi".

Geographical Location and Climate

Kadhimiya is located near Baghdad, but now attached to it due to urban expansion. It is located on the west of Tigris River and thus has a moderate climate. Raining in most times of the year is like spring shower. Therefore, at the time of Abbasids, Baghdad and other breadbasket areas around it were decided as the capital and resort for Abbasid rulers.

History

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An old picture of the Holy Shrine of al-Kazimayn (a) in 1335/1917.

Due to especial geographical location, Kadhimiya has been considered important and its history is thought to date back before Jesus Christ. At the time of Sassanids, this region has been a garden of an Iranian King called Tasuj and has been called so. In the Battle of Nahrawan