Khalaf b. Hammad
|Khalaf b. Hammad|
|Full Name||Khalaf b. Hammad al-Asadi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Kazim (a)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa|
Khalaf b. Ḥammād (Arabic:خَلَف بن حَمّاد) was a Shi'a narrator in the 2nd/8th and 3rd/9th centuries and one of the companions of Imam al-Kazim (a). Except Ibn al-Ghada'iri, other Shi'a scholars of rijal have considered Khalaf reliable. His name is mentioned in the chains of transmitters of about 80 hadiths in the Four Books of Shi'a.
Khalaf was from Kufa and was known as al-Asadi. He is surely different from Abu Salih Khalaf b. Hammad al-Kashshi from whom, Abu 'Amr Muhammad b. 'Umar al-Kashshi has narrated many hadiths.
His Relationship with Imams (a)
Al-Najashi has mentioned Khalaf among those who narrated hadith from Imam al-Kazim (a), while there is also a hadith narrated by him directly from Imam al-Sadiq (a). Strangely, there is no mention of him in rijal books of al-Barqi and al-Tusi among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a) while he has narrated from both.
Al-Najashi has considered Khalaf reliable, but Ibn al-Ghada'iri has lowered his reliability and thus has considered his narrations acceptable only as supporting evidences. Following al-Najashi's opinion, al-'Allama al-Hilli and Ibn Dawud al-Hilli have mentioned his name in the first part (praised and trusted ones) of their books on rijal and have also mentioned the opinion of Ibn al-Ghada'iri. Thus, Mamaqani inferred that the way of their description would suggest that they did not follow him. Recent and contemporary scholars in rijal have preferred al-Najashi's authentication of Khalaf b. Hammad. The appearance of the hadiths narrated by him suggest that he had a close relationship with Imam al-Kazim (a).
Narrations of Khalaf
The name of Khalaf b. Hammad is mentioned in the chain of transmitters of about 80 narrations in the Four Books of Shi'a which are mostly about fiqh. In addition to the narrations Khalaf has narrated directly from Imam al-Kazim (a), he has also narrated hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a) from transmitters such as Aban b. Taghlib, Ishaq b. 'Ammar, Hariz b. 'Abd Allah, Rib'i b. 'Abd Allah, 'Abd Allah b. Sanan, 'Abd Allah b. Muskan, Fudayl b. Yasar and Mufaddal b. 'Umar.
Narrators from Him
Khalaf b. Hammad had written a book which Muhammad b. Husayn b. Abi Khattab and Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi have referred to.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from خلف بن حماد in Farsi WikiShia.