Martyrs of Karbala

For complete list of all of the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a), see list of companions of Imam al-Husayn (a).
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in Karbala

Martyrs of Karbala (Arabic: شهداء كربلاء) are those who were martyred on Muharram 10th ('Ashura'), 61/680, in Karbala by 'Umar b. Sa'd's army. Martyrs of Karbala include Imam al-Husayn (a), some members of Banu Hashim (Hashemites) and some of his companions. The exact number of martyrs of Karbala is unknown; however according to what is reported by majority of historians they were 72. Some martyrs are mentioned in all of the books, in which the event of Karbala is narrated, but some are only mentioned in some sources. 18 martyrs are from Banu Hashim (Hashimites) and the rest are Imam al-Husayn's companions. 'Abbas b. Ali and 'Ali al-Akbar, Imam al-Husayn's son, are the best known martyrs of Banu Hashim and Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi, Habib b. Muzahir and Muslim b. 'Awsaja al-Asadi are the famous martyrs among Imam's companions. Except for Hurr b. Yazid, all the martyrs were buried in Karbala.

Number of Martyrs

There are different reports about the number of the martyrs of Karbala in sources. However, in most of them they were counted 72, 18 of which were from Banu Hashim (Hashemites) and the rest were from other tribes. They were divided into 34 cavalry and 40 infantry. In al-Irsahd, al-Shaykh al-Mufid reported that the heads of martyrs of Karbala were 72. Reporting the same number of heads, Baladhuri added that Abu Mikhnaf narrated the number of heads which was brought by each tribe to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad: 13 heads were brought by the tribe of Kinda led by Qays b. Ash'ath, 20 heads by Hawazin led by Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan, 17 heads by Banu Tamim, 16 heads by Banu Asad, 7 heads by Madhhij and 9 heads by Qays (totally 82 heads).

Some other sources have reported different numbers:

  • Mas'udi: All people who were killed along with Husayn (a) on the day of 'Ashura' in Karbala were 87.
  • Some reported that the martyrs on that day were 61. However, it is possible that the narrator had not added the number of the martyrs of Banu Hashim. By adding the number of martyrs of Banu Hashim the result would be the same as the next report.
  • Al-Sayyid b. Tawus: it is narrated that the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) were 78 people, 79 with Imam (a).
  • Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi has narrated from Muhammad b. Abi Talib that they were 82.
  • It is also reported from Imam al-Baqir (a) that the martyrs of Karbala were 45 cavalry and 100 infantry.

Martyrs of Babu Hashim

According to the authentic sources, 18 individuals from Banu Hashim were martyred with Imam al-Husayn (a) in Karbala.

Children of Imam 'Ali (a)

  1. 'Abbas
  2. 'Abd Allah
  3. 'Uthman
  4. Ja'far
  5. Abu Bakr
  6. Muhammad

Children of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a)

  1. Qasim
  2. Abu Bakr
  3. 'Abd Allah

Children of Imam al-Husayn (a)

  1. 'Ali known as Ali al-Akbar
  2. 'Abd Allah known as Ali al-Asghar

Others

Rare Reports

The name of 42 members of Banu Hashim was mentioned just in some of references:

  • Ibrahim b. 'Ali
  • 'Abbas Asghar b. 'Ali
  • Ja'far b. 'Ali
  • 'Abd Allah Akbar b. 'Ali
  • 'Abd Allah Asghar b. 'Ali
  • 'Ubayd Allah b. 'Ali
  • 'Umar b. 'Ali
  • 'Atiq b. 'Ali
  • Qasim b. 'Ali
  • Bishr b. al-Hasan
  • 'Umar b. al-Hasan
  • Abu Bakr b. al-Husayn
  • Abu Bakr b. Qasim b. al-Husayn
  • Ibrahim b. al-Husayn
  • Ja'far b. al-Husayn
  • Hamza b. al-Husayn
  • Zayd b. al-Husayn
  • Qasim b. al-Husayn
  • Muhammad b. al-Husayn
  • 'Umar b. al-Husayn
  • Muhammad b. 'Aqil
  • Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Aqil
  • Hamza b. 'Aqil
  • 'Ali b. 'Aqil
  • 'Awn b. 'Aqil
  • Ja'far b. Muhammad b. 'Aqil
  • Abu Sa'id b. 'Aqil
  • Ibrahim b. Muslim b. 'Aqil
  • Muhammad b. Muslim b. 'Aqil
  • 'Abd al-Rahman b. Muslim b. 'Aqil
  • 'Ubayd Allah b. Muslim b. 'Aqil
  • Abu 'Abd Allah b. Muslim b. 'Aqil
  • 'Ali b. Muslim b. 'Aqil
  • Ibrahim b. Ja'far
  • Muhammad b. Ja'far
  • 'Awn b. Ja'far b. Ja'far
  • Abu Bakr b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far
  • 'Awn Asghar b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far
  • Husayn b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far
  • 'Ubayd Allah b. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far
  • Muhammad b. 'Abbas
  • Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Hashimi

Martyrs of Companions

Imam al-Husayn (a):

I do not know any companion better and more loyal than my companions ...

Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, al-Irshad, vol.2 p.91

Companions of Imam al-Husayn from Sahaba

Companions of Imam al-Husayn from Companions of Imam 'Ali

Companions of Imam al-Husayn

  1. Ibrahim b. Husayn al-Asadi
  2. Hudhayfa b. Asid al-Ghifari's nephew (the son of his brother)
  3. Abu Hayaj
  4. Adham b. Umayya
  5. Anis b. Ma'qil al-Asbahi
  6. Burayr b. Khudayr al-Hamdani
  7. Bashir b. 'Amr al-Hadrami
  8. Jabir b. Hajjaj
  9. Jabala b. 'Ali al-Shaybani
  10. Junada b. Harith
  11. Jundab b. Hujayr
  12. Jawn b. Huway (Abu Dhar's slave)
  13. Juwayn b. Malik
  14. Harith b. Imra' al-Qays
  15. Harith b. Nahban
  16. Hamza b. 'Abd al-Muttalib's slave
  17. Hatuf b. Harith
  18. Hajjaj b. Zayd
  19. Hajjaj b. Masruq
  20. Al-Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi
  21. Hallas b. 'Amr
  22. Nu'man b. 'Amr
  23. Hanzala b. As'ad
  24. Rafi'
  25. Rumayth b. 'Amr
  26. Zuhayr b. Bishr al-Khath'ami
  27. Zuhayr b. Sulaym al-Azdi
  28. Zuhayr b. Qayn al-Bajali
  29. Zayd b. Ma'qal
  30. Salim
  31. Sa'd b. Hanzala al-Tamimi
  32. Sa'd b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi
  33. Sa'id b. Kardam
  34. Sulayman (Imam al-Husayn's slave)
  35. Sulayman b. Rabi'a
  36. Sawwar b. Abi Himyar
  37. Suwayd b. 'Amr b. Abi Muta'
  38. Sayf b. Harith al-Jabiri
  39. Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali
  40. Sayf b. Malik
  41. Darghama b. Malik
  42. Shawdhab
  43. Dubab b. 'Amir
  44. 'Abis b. Abi Shabib al-Shakiri
  45. 'Amir b. Muslim
  46. Salim ('Amir b. Muslim's slave)
  47. 'Ubbad b. Abi Muhajir
  48. 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd Allah al-Arhabi
  49. 'Abd Allah b. Qays al-Ghifari
  50. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Qays al-Ghifari
  51. 'Uqba b. Salt
  52. 'Ammar b. Hassan al-Ta'i
  53. 'Umran b. Ka'b
  54. 'Umar b. Ahduth al-Hadrami
  55. 'Amr b. Khalid al-Saydawi
  56. Sa'd b. 'Abd Allah al-Kufi, ('Amr b. Khalid al-Saydawi's slave)
  57. 'Amr b. Khalid al-Azdi
  58. Khalid b. 'Amr al-Azdi
  59. 'Amr b. Dabi'a
  60. 'Amr b. 'Abd Allah al-Junda'i
  61. 'Amr b. Qarza al-Ansari
  62. Imam al-Husayn's turk slave
  63. Qarib (Imam al-Husayn's slave)
  64. Qasim b. Habib al-Azdi
  65. Qa'nab b. 'Amr al-Namiri
  66. Kinana b. 'Atiq
  67. Malik b. 'Abd b. Sari' al-Jabiri
  68. Mujamma' b. Ziyad
  69. Mujamma' b. 'Abd Allah al-'A'idhi
  70. Mujamma' b. 'Abd Allah al-'A'idhi's son
  71. Mas'ud b. Hajjaj
  72. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Mas'ud
  73. Muslim (Aslam) b. Kathir
  74. Munjih (Imam al-Husayn's slave)
  75. Na'im b. 'Ajlan
  76. Hafhaf b. Muhannad al-Rasibi
  77. Hammam b. Salama al-Qanisi
  78. Wahb b. Wahb
  79. Yahya b. Sulaym al-Mazini
  80. Abu Sha'sha'a, Yazid b. Ziyad b. Muhasir
  81. Yazid b. Nabit al-'Abdi
  82. 'Abd Allah b. Nabit al-'Abdi
  83. 'Ubayd Allah b. Nabit al-'Abdi

The Manner and Place of Burying the Martyrs

Muharram 11 th or 13 th is mentioned as the time when the martyrs of Karbala were buried. According to some reports, after Ibn Sa'd and his soldiers returned, a group of people from Bani Asad who lived near Karbala, went to the battlefield and at a time of night, when they were safe from the enemies, prayed upon the bodies of Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions and then buried them.

Most of the martyrs are buried in the collective grave of the martyrs of Karbala, below the grave of Imam al-Husayn (a). Ali al-Akbar (a) is buried below the feet of Imam (a) and Ali al-Asghar (a), according to the more famous report, is buried beside Imam (a). The shrine of 'Abbas b. Ali (a) is near 'Alqama Creek and the shrine of Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi is in the outskirt of the city of Karbala.

See Also

References

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