Open main menu

WikiShia β


(Redirected from Mosques)

Mosque or Masjid (Arabic:المَسجِد) is a special place in Islam for worshiping God. It can be a building or a land. Quba Mosque is the first mosque built in Islam. Mosque has special rulings and etiquettes. Mosque is mainly used for collective acts of worship or religious activities. The most common worship performed in a mosque is salat al-jama'a (congregational prayer). For Muslims, mosque had other social, political, educational or judicial functions, some of which have survived into the present time.



Literally, the Arabic word "masjid" means a place of prostration. Some believe [1] that the word Masjid is derived from an Aramaic word "msgd'" — meaning the place of worship — which is found in Aramaic texts of the 5th century BC. Before Islam, this word was used to refer to any place where God was worshiped. Some believe that the word "masajid" in the 40th verse of Sura al-Hajj[2] is used with this meaning.

Currently, Masjid is a common term that refers to the special place of worship and performing prayers for Muslims. It is said because Muslims perform sajda (prostration) in their prayer (salat) and sajda is a sign of complete submission, the place of their worship is called Masjid — the place of prostration.

On the physical level, a Masjid can be a complete building or a land without a roof or even surrounding walls.

Masjid in the Qur'an

The word Masjid is mentioned 28 times — in single or plural form — in the Qur'an. Some of these verses are about the importance of Masjid and maintaining it, such as: "Only those shall maintain God's mosques who believe in God and the Last Day, and maintain the prayer and give the zakat, and fear no one except God. They, hopefully, will be among the guided." (Qur'an 9:18) Masjid is described as a property of God in the Qur'an (72:18).