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Sabab al-Nuzūl (Arabic: سبب النزول, cause of revelation) and its plural Asbab al-Nuzul (Arabic: اسباب النزول), or Sha'n al-Nuzul (Arabic: شأن النزول), in Qur'anic studies means the time, context, cause, and the situation in which Allah has revealed verses. Cause of revelation has an important role in the interpretation of Qur'an. Some exegetes have written books studying the subject.

Nevertheless, most of the verses and suras of Qur'an are revealed independent of events, these verses are revealed to fulfill the general aim of wahy which is the guidance of people.

Contents

Etymology

Sabab al-Nuzul (Arabic: سبب النزول) and its plural Asbab al-Nuzul (Arabic: اسباب النزول), or Sha'n al-Nuzul (Arabic: شأن النزول), in Qur'anic studies means the time, context, cause, and the situation in which Allah has revealed verses.

The causes for which there are revealed verses are approximately 460 events.[1]

Verses and Suras without Sabab al-Nuzul

Most of the verses and suras of Qur'an are revealed for the general aim of wahy (revelation) which is the compensation of the shortcoming of the human intellect and fulfilling the need of human to the divine guidance; these verses are revealed independent of any event and are not related to any specific event, so there is not any sabab al-nuzul for them.[2]

This sura and verses which do not have sabab al-nuzul contains:

  • Verses and suras about the living and events of the past -although some of the stories have sabab al-nuzul, like the story of Dhu l-Qarnayn which is revealed after the asking of people. Generally, these stories are mentioned in Qur'an, so that people know about them and learn the reasons of happiness or wretchedness of people and societies, and use these lessons in their personal and social lives.[3]
  • Verses and suras containing the description of the Paradise and the Hell, the events of the resurrection and the judgment day.[