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Al-Sajda (Arabic: السجدة) or al-Sujūd (Arabic: السجود) is prostration before God. It is a particular worship, or part thereof, consisting of touching the ground with one's forehead as a sign of one's humbleness toward God. In the Islamic culture it counts as one of the most virtuous worships. It is obligatory for Muslims to prostrate before God twice in each rak'a of their everyday prayers.

According to Shiite jurisprudence, one can only prostrate on earth and whatever grows from it, but in Sunni jurisprudence, it is permissible to prostrate on carpets and things like that. According to all Muslims, it is forbidden to prostrate for anything or anyone other than God.

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A group of Muslims performing sajda in congregational prayer.


Sujud as a Worship

The word "sujud" literally means to be humble or to bow, and in Islam, it refers to touching the ground with one's forehead (together with six other parts of the body).

Sujud has been important as a symbol of humbleness towards God. In addition to many hadiths, there are 92 verses of the Qur'an mentioning sajda. Among Qur'anic suras, Qur'an 32 is called "Sura al-Sajda". There is a verse in this sura about people who prostrate when they hear Qur'anic verses.[1] According to some hadiths, sajda is the best position for a person to be close to God.

Sajda is not restricted to human beings. All creatures and objects worship God by performing sajda.


Sometimes sajda is performed as an independent worship and sometimes as a part of the prayer, sajda al-sahw, Qur'anic sajdas, and many dhikrs and other worships.

Sajda in the Prayer

All obligatory and recommended prayers involve two sajdas in each rak'a after