Qiṣāṣ (Arabic: قِصاص, literally, Retribution) is a term in the Islamic jurisprudence which means retaliation or retribution for intentional crimes. There are two kinds of qisas: qisas for life, and qisas for body parts. The ruling of qisas is taken to be an essential ruling in Islam, supported by a number of Qur'anic verses, mutawatir hadiths, and consensus of scholars. Reasons for the permissibility of qisas in Islam are said to consist in securing criminal justice, protecting the social safety, and preventing individual revenges.
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