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Qunfudh
Attacking Imam 'Ali's house
Place of Residence Medina
Era Early Islam
Known for Lashing Lady Fatima (a)

Qunfudh (Arabic: قنفذ) was a man who played an important role in the attack to Imam 'Ali's (a) house which led to martyrdom of Lady Fatima (a). Some sources[1] stated that he was a slave of 'Umar b. Khattab and some sources[2] stated that he was a slave of Abu Bakr. His name is recorded as Qunfud (Arabic: قنفد) in the book Al-Imama wa al-siyasa.[3] There are no information on the lineage and characteristics of Qunfudh in historical reports.

He was mentioned in historical reports only in the incident of taking oath of allegiance from Imam 'Ali (a) for the caliphate of Abu Bakr. Al-Shaykh al-Mufid stated that 'Umar b. Khattab sent Qunfudh to Imam's house to bring him to the mosque. He was ordered to gather wood on the door of his house, if Imam (a) refused to come.[4] According to the book Al-Ihtijaj when Lady Fatima (a) tried stop them from taking Imam 'Ali (a) to the mosque by force, Qunfudh lashed Lady Fatima (a). When she was behind the door, he pushed the door and broke her rib and as she was pregnant, it caused her to miscarry.[5] Also in Dala'il al-imama it is stated that 'Umar ordered Qunfudh to hit Lady Fatima (a) with scabbard.[6]

Notes

  1. Ṭabarī, Dalāʾil al-imāma, p. 134.
  2. Khuṣaybī, al-Hidāya al-kubrā, p. 179.
  3. Ibn Qutayba al-Dīnawarī, al-Imāma wa l-sīyāsa, vol. 1, p. 30.
  4. Mufīd, al-Jamal, p. 117.
  5. Ṭabrisī, al-Iḥtijāj, vol. 1, p. 83.
  6. Ṭabarī, Dalāʾil al-imāma, p. 134.

References

  • Ibn Qutayba al-Dīnawarī, ʿAbd Allah b. Muslim . Al-Imāma wa l-sīyāsa. Qom: Intishārāt-i al-Sharīf al-Raḍī, 1413 AH.
  • Khuṣaybī, Ḥusayn b. Ḥamdān al-. al-Hidāya al-kubrā. Qom: al-Balāgh, 1419 AH.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Jamal wa l-nuṣra li-Sayyid al-ʿItra fī ḥarb al-Baṣra. Qom: Kungira-yi Shykh al-Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Dalāʾil al-imāma. Qom: Nashr-i Biʿthat, 1413 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Iḥtijāj. Mashhad: Nashr al-Murtaḍā, 1403 AH.