Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb
Sayyid ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Dastghayb (Persian: سید عبدالحسین دستغیب) (b. Muharram 10, 1332/December 9, 1913 - d. Safar 13, 1402/December 11, 1981), was a Shi'a jurist and the Imam of Friday prayer in Shiraz, Iran.
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|Full Name||Sayyid 'Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb Shirazi|
|Birth||Muharram 10, 1332/December 9, 1913|
|Death||Safar 13, 1402/December 11, 1981|
|Burial Place||In the Shrine of Ahmad b. Musa b. Ja'far in Shiraz|
|Professors||Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Muhammad Kazim Shirazi etc.|
|Works||Gonahan-i Kabira , Qalb-i Salim, Dastan-ha-yi Shigift etc.|
|Imam of Friday Prayer of Shiraz. Full support of Imam Khomeini and Islamic Revolution of Iran|
Abd al-Husayn completed his elementary education under his father. After his father passed away, he took care of his mother, three sisters and two younger brothers. He continued his studies under different teachers such as Ayatollah Ali Akbar Arsanjani and Mulla Ahmad Darabi.
To keep wearing his cleric outfit at the time of Reza Shah Pahlavi, he had to attend the exams for the students of religious studies, held by the organization of religious teachings. He passed the exams successfully and he could keep wearing his cleric outfit. Later, he was arrested for provocative remarks and oppositions against the regime, and was imprisoned. He was made to choose between exile and abandoning wearing the cleric outfit. As a result, he left the country for Najaf in 1354/1935.
In Najaf, he continued his studies in high levels by attending classes of scholars like Mohammad Kazim Shirazi and Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani. Following the advice of his teacher, Muhammad Kazim Shirazi, he returned to Shiraz after the fall of Reza Shah's regime.
In addition to giving sermons, teaching and writing, Dastghayb supported charity works such as establishing and renovation of mosques and schools like Atiq Mosque of Shiraz and Religious School of Hakim.
During decades of his activity before the Islamic Revolution, Dastghayb , who was the preacher of Atiq Mosque of Shiraz, criticized the social situation in Iran and the expansion of secularism in the country. After beginning of the White Revolution in early 1970s, he followed Scholars and Maraji' to oppose against the famous "law of provincial and local congresses".
Another opposition of Dastghayb against the Pahlavi Regime was his opposition against recognition of Israeli Regime as an official state. His revolutionary statements made him imprisoned several times. Due to his harsh speeches, SAVAK banned him from giving lectures. He also seriously opposed to holding the Art Festival of Shiraz and criticized an article in the newspaper of Ettela'at published on Muharram 29, 1398/January 9, 1978 in which the writer discredited Imam Khomeini .
After Islamic Revolution in February 1979, following many requests received from the people of Shiraz, Imam Khomeini appointed Dastghayb as the imam of Friday prayer in Shiraz. He was also chosen as Imam Khomeini's representative in Fars province and the representative of the people of the province in the Assembly of Experts for Constitution. Dastghayb 's major attitude after the Islamic revolution was following Imam Khomeini and supporting wilayat al-faqih. As the imam of Friday prayer, Dastghayb had an impressive role in explaining the basis of Islamic Revolution and defending the position of the clergies and the Islamic government.
In the early years after the Islamic Revolution, he resisted and exposed opposition groups against the Islamic Revolution, especially The MEK. On Safar 13, 1402 (December 11, 1981), he was shot and assassinated by a member of the MEK while he was going to Friday Prayer. In his announcement regarding Dastghayb 's martyrdom, Imam Khomeini called him "the teacher of ethics, the purifier of souls, and devoted to Islam and Islamic Revolution".
Dastghayb wrote tens of books in different Islamic topics; mostly in the field of Ethics. Over a million copies of some of his books such as Gonahan-i Kabira (Grave Sins) and Ma'ad (the Day of Judgment) were printed.
- Gunahan-i Kabira (translated to English as Greater Sins)
- Qalb-i Salim (translated to English as Immaculate Conscience)
- Dastanha-yi Shigift (Odd Stories)
- Ma'ad (translated to English as The Hereafter)
- Zindigani-yi Siddiqa Kubra Fatima Zahra' (The life of Fatima al-Zahra' (a))
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالحسین دستغیب in Farsi Wikishia.
- Imam Khomeini, Sahife Noor, vol. 8 & 15, Tehran 1403/1982.
- Danishnamay-i A'immay-i Jum'ay-i Kishvar, by Mohammad Kazim Modarrisi and Mirza Muhammad Kazimayni, Yazd, 1426/2005.
- Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb , Khutbihay-i Jum'a, Qom, 1405/1984.
- Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb , Guruhak-ha, Shiraz, 1404/1983.
- Muhammd Hashim Dastghayb , Yadvara-yi Shahid Hazrat Ayatollah Haj Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb Shirazi, Shiraz, 1404/1983.
- 'Ali Rabbani Khalkhali, Shuhaday-i Ruhaniyyat dar Yeksad Sal-i Akhir, Qom, 1402/1982.
- Ja'far Subhani, Sima-yi Farzanigan, vol. 2, Qom, 1421/2001.
- Muhammad Sud-Bakhsh, Yadvara-yi Shahid Ayatollah Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb , Nubuvvat, Shiraz, 1403/1983.
- Muhammad Sharif Razi, Ganjina-yi Danishmandan, Tehran, 1392/1973 - 1394/1975.
- Hasan b. Hasan Fasa'i, Farsnamay-i Nasiri, printed by Mansur Rastigar Fasa'i, Tehran, 1423/2003.
- Mohammad Javad Nur-Muhammadi, Shahid Dastghayb Lalay-i Mihrab, Tehran, 1423/2003.
- Yadnama-yi Shahid Rah-i Namaz Ayatollah Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb, Tehran, Daftar-i Markazi-yi Hizb-i Jumhuri-yi Islami-yi Iran, 1402/1982.
- Yaran-i Imam bi Rivayat-i Asnad-i SAVAK, vol. 10
- Nafs-i Mutma'inna: Shahid Ayatollah Hajj Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb , Tehran, Vizarat-i Ittila'at, Markaz-i Barrasi-yi Asnad-i Tarikhi, 1419/1999.