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'''Faṭaḥiyya''' (Arabic: {{ia|فَطَحیّه}}) or '''Afṭaḥiyya''' (Arabic: {{ia|أفطَحیه}}) were believers in the [[imamate]] of [['Abd Allah al-Aftah|'Abd Allah]], son of [[Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)]], known as '''Afṭaḥ''' (Arabic: {{ia|اَفطَح}}). After the [[martyrdom]] of the sixth Imam of [[Shi'a]] (a), his elder son, 'Abd Allah claimed his succession. Mentioning this quote from his father that "imamate of every Imam (a) reaches his elder son"; 'Abd Allah gathered some people around himself.
His claim did not last long and he died 72 days after the martyrdom of Imam al-Sadiq (a); and since he did not have any son or successor, his followers were left without leader and most of them turned to [[Imam al-Kazim (a)]] and the mentioned belief ended very soon. Some great figures of [[Imamiyya]] such as [[Banu Bani Faddal]] turned to 'Abd Allah first, but many of them returned either from halfway or after he died.
== Cause of Naming ==
== Fatahiyya Famous Figures ==
At the beginning of the claim of 'Abd Allah, many great [[List of Companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)|companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a) ]] accepted his claim and considered him the true successor of Imam (a), the most famous of whom were:
*[['Abd Allah b. Bukayr]]
*[[Ahmad b. Ali b. Fadal]]
Based on historical evidences, many of these people returned from their belief in 'Abd Allah Aftah and there are no evidence whether others returned from that belief or not; however, it can be understood from [[rijal]] sources that all the mentioned people, despite their beliefs, were among reliable transmitters of hadiths who were trustworthy before Imams (a) and the [[Shi'a]] scholars. For example, [[Imam al-'Askari (a)]] was asked about the validity of [[hadith]]s transmitted by Banu Bani Faddal who was a follower of Fatahiyya, and he (a) answered,
:"Act according to their hadiths, but leave their beliefs."
== Notes ==
*The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[[:fa:فطحیه|فطحیه]]}} in Farsi WikiShia.
==See Also==
*The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[[:fa:فطحیه|فطحیه]]}} in Farsi WikiShia.
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[[Category:Shi'a Earlier Denomination]]