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Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali 'Alawi Gurgani

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| Epithet =
| Well Known As = Shia Marja'
| Religious Affiliation =[[Imamiyya]]
| Lineage =
| Well known relatives =
| Birth = [[Rabi' II]], [[1358]]/[[May]], [[1939 CE|1939]]
| Place of Birth = [[Najaf]]
| Place of Residence = [[Qom]]
| Official website = [http://www.gorgani.ir/ gorgani.ir]
}}
'''Sayyid Muhammad Muḥammad 'Ali Alī 'Alawi GurganiAlawī Gurgānī''' (Persian: {{ia|سید محمدعلی علوی گرگانی}}, b. [[1358]]/[[1939 CE|1939]]) is a Shiite [[marja']] and a teacher of advanced courses of [[jurisprudence]] and [[principles of jurisprudence]] in [[Qom]]. He was a student of [[Ayatollah Burujirdi]], [[Imam Khomeini]], [[Ayatollah Gulpayigani]], and [[Ayatollah Araki]].  'Alawi Gurgani wrote many books which are compiled and published by the Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences. His public and civil services include the construction of a mosque and a clinic in [[Gorgan]], and the foundation of a charity fund in [[Tehran]].
==Life and Educaiton==
Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali 'Alawi Gurgani was born in [[Najaf ]] in Khordad 1318[[May]], [[1939 CE|1939]]. His father, Sayyid Sajjad, was a scholar and jurist in Gorgan. Muhammad 'Ali moved to [[Iran]], together with his father, at the age of 7seven.
'Alawi Gurgani learned Arabic literature from his father. At the age of 16sixteen, he went on a pilgrimage to [['Atabat ]] and [[hajj]], and upon his return from the hajj pilgrimage, he intended to stay in Najaf, but he returned to Qom at the recommendation of Ayatollah [[Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim]]. He studied intermediate seminary courses with people such as Mujahidi Tabrizi, Sultani Tabataba'i, and [[Sutuda Araki ]] within four years.
He attended Ayatollah Burujirdi’s advanced courses of jurisprudence for 3 three years, Imam Khomeini’s Khomeini's advanced courses of principles of jurisprudence for 8 eight years, and [[Murtada Ha'iri Yazdi’s Yazdi]]'s advanced courses of jurisprudence for 15 fifteen years. For seven years, he went to Najaf during summers, where he attended the lectures of scholars of the [[Seminary School of Najaf]], such as [[Ayatollah Khu'i al-Khoei]] and [[Mirza Baqir Zanjani]]. His other teachers include Sayyid Muhammad Rida Gulpayigani, 'Abbas 'Ali Shahrudi, and Muhammad 'Ali Araki.
==Scholarly Place and Marja'iyya==
'Alawi Gurgani began teaching religious sciences with teaching Arabic literature, and then he began teaching ''[[Ma'alim al-din]]'', ''al-Qawanin'', ''[[Sharh al-lumulum'a(book)|Sharh al-lum'a]]'', ''[[Fara'id al-usul (book)|al-Rasa'il]]'', ''[[al-Makasib]]'', ''[[Kifayat al-usul (book)|Kifaya]]'', and ''[[Sharh al-manzuma]]''. In 1405/1985, he began teaching advanced courses of jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence at the request of a number of his students. In 1412/1991, a number of Shi'as, particularly from [[Mazandaran ]] and [[Gilan]], asked him to publish an [[essay of fatwas]]. He wrote the essay in Persian, and then it was translated into Arabic and Urdu and was presented to his followers.
==Political and Social Views==
==Public Services==
Ayatollah 'Alawi constructed mosques, Husayniyyas[[Husayniyya]]s, clinics, and charity funds in different areas of [[Iran]]. He helped repair parts of the great mosque of Gorgan, founded and repaired a number of other mosques in Gorgan and its surrounding areas, built a clinic in the village of Alang, constructed the Husayniyya of Mahdishahr in Semnan, and established the charity fund of Hay'at Fatimiyya in Tehran.
==Writings==
Ayatollah 'Alawi Gurgani wrote a number of works concerning [[jurisprudence]], [[principles of jurisprudence]], hadiths[[hadith]]s, and [[rijal]]. His works are published by the Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences within one compact disc. Some of his works include:
*''[[Tawdih al-masa'il]]'' in Farsi and Urdo
*''Manhaj al-salihin'' ([[essay of fatwas]] in Arabic)
*''Ajwabat al-masa'il'' (answering to the newest religious questions)
*''Manhaj al-nasikin'' ([[Hajj]] rituals in Arabic)
*''Al-Manazir al-nadira fi ahkam al-'itrat al-tahira (Ijtihadi jurisprudence)
*''Nur al-huda''
*''Golchini az anwar-i akhlaqi''
*''Rah-tusha parsayan'' (commentary on the will of [[Prophet (s)]] to [[Abu Dhar al-Ghifari]])
==References==*The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[[:fa:سید محمدعلی علوی گرگانی|سید محمدعلی علوی گرگانی]]}} in Farsi WikiShia. {{Marja's}}
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