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This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Hadid; to read its text see text:Sura al-Hadid.
Sura al-Hadid
al-Waqi'a← →al-Mujadala
سوره حدید.jpg
Sura Number 57
Juz' 27
Revelation
Revelation Number 95
Makki/Madani Madani
Information
Verse Count 29
Word Count 576
Letter Count 2545

Sura al-Hadid (Arabic: سورة الحديد) is fifty seventh sura of the Qur'an. It is a Madani sura located in juz' twenty seven. This sura is called al-Hadid because the word "al-hadid" (iron) is mentioned in verse twenty five of this sura. In this sura, topics including the unity of God, God's attributes, greatness of the Qur'an and the condition of believers and hypocrites on the Day of Judgement are mentioned.

In this sura, God urges Muslims to give in the way of God. Qard al-Hasana Verse (good loan) is among famous verses in this sura. In hadiths, releasing from the punishment in the hell, benefitting from blessings in the heaven and visiting Imam al-Mahdi (a) when he comes, are mentioned among the merits and benefits of reciting this sura.

Contents

Introduction

  • Naming

This sura is called al-Hadid because the word "al-hadid" (iron) is mentioned in verse twenty five of this sura.[1] It is transmitted from Imam 'Ali (a) that by sending down iron, its creation is meant. Also in another hadith from him, it is mentioned that by "iron", weapon is meant.[2]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Hadid is a Madani sura and in the order of revelation, it was ninety forth sura revealed to the Prophet (s). It is now fifty seventh sura in the current compilation of Qur'an,[3] located in juz' twenty seven.

  • Number of Verses and Other Features

This sura is among the seven Musabbihat suras which begin with tasbih.[4] Sura al-Hadid has twenty nine verses, 576 words, and 2545 letters and is among Mufassalat suras (which have several short verses).[5]

Content

According to Tafsir al-mizan, the major message of this sura is urging people to give in the way of God which is mentioned in several places of the sura and has been considered the source of faith in God and His messenger (s).[6]

According to Tafsir-i nimuna, the content of this sura can be divided to seven parts:

  1. The Unity of God and mentioning twenty attributes of God
  2. Greatness of the Qur'an
  3. Condition of believers and hypocrites on the Day of Judgement
  4. Inviting to faith and the destiny of previous nations who were disbelievers
  5. Urging to give in the way of God, especially to perform jihad in His way, and valuelessness of worldly properties
  6. Social justice
  7. Rejection of monasticism and seclusion from the society[7]
Content of Sura al-Hadid[8]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Causes and grounds for institutionalization of the culture of giving in people's beliefs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fist factor: verses 1-9
Believing in the Lordship of God over the world
 
Second factor: verses 10-15
The Qur'an was not revealed by God
 
Third factor: verses 16-19
Why does the Prophet (s) live like ordinary people?
 
Fourth factor: verses 20-21
Why are not angels sent down on us?
 
Fifth factor: verses 22-24
Why was not the Qur'an revealed all at once?
 
Sixth factor: verses 25-27
Insulting the Prophet's monotheistic call
 
Ending: verses 28-29
Claim that it is pointless to serve God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First issue: verse 1-3
Attributes of the Lord of the world
 
First reward: verse 10
Achieving spiritual degrees in this world
 
First issue: verse 16
The importance of humility of the heart for God
 
First issue: verse 20
The five features of the life in this world
 
First issue: verse 22
That everything is known in God's knowledge before it happens
 
First issue: verse 25
Establishment of justice, the goal of sending prophets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second issue: verses 4-6
Signs of the Lordship of God over the world
 
Second reward: verses 11-15
Receiving perfect reward in this world and in the hereafter
 
Second issue: verse 17
God's power in revival of the heart
 
Second issue: verse 21
Vastness of the paradise and its blessings
 
Second issue: verses 23-24
Wrongness of stinginess with regards to the knowledge of God towards the events
 
Second issue: verses 26-27
monasticism and negligence towards the establishment of justice as the cause of leaving the religion of God
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third issue: verses 7-9
Giving as the sign of faith in God and His Messenger (a)
 
 
 
 
 
Third issue: verses 18-19
Multiple rewards for those who give in the way of God

Famous Verses

Creation in Six Periods

The issue of creation in six days is mentioned in the Qur'an seven times, the first time of which is in verse fifty four of Qur'an 7 and its last time is in verse four of Sura al-Hadid. "Day" in these verses does not mean a normal day in this world, but it suggests a "period", whether it be short or long, even if it takes millions of years.[9]

Qard al-Hasana Verse

In this verse, giving in the way of God has been mentioned as "to lend Allah a good loan" in order to encourage people toward it. "Lending Allah a good loan" includes any kind of giving in His way and one of its important examples is assisting the Prophet (s) and Imams (a), so that they use it in necessary cases for administration of the Islamic government.[10] It is mentioned in the words of Imam 'Ali (a) that God does not ask your assistance out of humility, neither has He asked you for loan to make up for His defect.[11]

Stories and Historical Reports

Invitations of Prophets (a): invitation of Noah (a), Abraham (a), and other prophets (a) to monotheism, sending other prophets, the prophethood of Jesus (a) son of Mary (a) and revealing the Gospel to him (verses 26 – 27).

Merits and Benefits

It is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Hadid, it is upon God to keep him away from the punishment of the hell and give him blessings in the paradise and if a person is imprisoned and regularly recites this sura, he would be released.[12] Also, it is transmitted from the Prophet (s) that whoever recites Sura al-Hadid will be considered among those who believed in God and His Prophet (s).[13]

It is transmitted from Imam al-Baqir (a) that whoever recites Musabbihat suras before going to sleep, would not die unless he meets Imam al-Mahdi (a) and if he dies soon, he will be a neighbor of the Prophet (s) in the next world.[14]

Notes

  1. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1254.
  2. Ḥuwayzī, Tafsīr nūr al-thaqalayn, vol. 5, p. 250.
  3. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 168.
  4. Maʿrifat, al-Tamhīd fī ʿulūm al-Qurʾān, vol. 5, p. 230.
  5. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1254.
  6. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān, vol. 19, p. 292.
  7. Makārim Shīrāzī, Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 5, p. 91.
  8. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  9. Makārim Shīrāzī, Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 5, p. 94.
  10. Makārim Shīrāzī, Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 5, p. 98.
  11. Nahj al-Balāgha, Sermon 183.
  12. Baḥrānī, al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān, vol. 5, p. 277.
  13. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 24, p. 194.
  14. Makārim Shīrāzī, Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna, vol. 5, p. 92.

References

  • Baḥrānī, Hāshim b. Sulaymān al-. Al-Burhān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Muʾassisat al-biʿtha, 1389 Sh.
  • Ḥuwayzī, ʿAbd ʿAlī b. Jumʿa al-. Tafsīr nūr al-thaqalayn. Qom: Ismāʿīlīyān, 1415 AH.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān. Tehran: Dūstān-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Makārim Shīrāzī, Nāṣir. Barguzīda-yi tafsīr-i nimūna. Edited by Aḥmad ʿAlī Bābāyī. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1382 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Al-Tamhīd fī ʿulūm al-Qurʾān. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Farhangī Intishārātī al-Tamhīd, 1388 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. Translated to Farsi by Wakīlī. Qom: Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1371 Sh.
  • Nahj al-balāgha, sermon 183.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Translated to Farsi by Musawī Hamidānī. Tehran: Bunyād-i ʿIlmī wa Farhangī-yi ʿAllama Ṭabāṭabāyī, 1370 Sh.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān. Translated to Farsi by Hāshim Rasūlī et. al. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Farāhānī, [n.d].