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This article is an introduction to the Sura al-Waqi'a; to read its text see text:Sura al-Waqi'a.
Sura al-Waqi'a
al-Rahman← →al-Hadid
سوره واقعه.jpg
Sura Number 56
Juz' 27
Revelation
Revelation Number 46
Makki/Madani Makki
Information
Verse Count 96
Word Count 370
Letter Count 1756

Sūra al-Wāqiʿa, (Arabic: سورة الواقعه) is the fifty sixth sura of the Qur'an. It is a Makki sura located in juz' twenty seven. Al-Waqi'a is one of the names of resurrection and is mentioned in the first verse of this sura.

Sura al-Waqi'a is about the resurrection and its events. It divides people to the three groups of People of the Right Hand (Ashab al-Yamin), People of the Left Hand (Ashab al-Shimal) and the Foremost (al-Sabiqun) and speaks about the position and rewards or punishments of each group. It is mentioned in commentaries that the perfect example of the third group, the Foremost, is Imam Ali (a) who preceded others in believing in the Prophet Muhammad (s).

Many merits are mentioned for recitation of this sura, including that about whoever recites this sura, it will be written that he is not among the ignorant.

Contents

Introduction

  • Naming

This sura is called al-Waqi'a because it is among the names of the Resurrection and mentioned in its first verse.[1]

  • Place and Order of Revelation

Sura al-Waqi'a is a Makki sura. It was the forty sixth sura revealed to the Prophet (s). In the current order of the Qur'an, it is fifty sixth sura[2] located in juz' twenty seven.

  • Number of Verses and Words

Sura al-Waqi'a has ninety six verses, 370 words, and 1756 words and regarding volume, it is among Mufassalat suras about half a hizb.[3]

Content

Sura al-Waqi'a speaks about the resurrection when people will be resurrected. First, it mentions some of its events such as the changes that will happen to the earth, earthquakes and the shattering of mountains, and then it divides people to the three groups of the Foremost (Arabic: السابقون, al-Sabiqun), People of the Right Hand (Arabic: أصحاب اليمين, Ashab al-Yamin) and People of the Left Hand (Arabic: أصحاب الشمال, Ashab al-Shimal), and finally mentions the destiny of each group. Then, it brings arguments against the People of the Left Hand who deny the Lordship of God, the hereafter and the Qur'an and finally reminds about the agonies of death and coming of death.[4]

Content of Sura al-Waqi'a[5]
 
 
 
 
Proving the definiteness of resurrection and the difference between the destinies of human beings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First topic: verses 1-56
The destiny of the three groups of people on the day of resurrection
 
Second topic: verses 57-94
Arguments for the resurrection and giving rewards to humans
 
Conclusion: verses 95-96
There is no doubt about the truth of the resurrection
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction: verses 1-10
Division of people to three groups upon the resurrection
 
First reason: verses 57-62
Power of the Creator of humans over their revival
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First group: verses 11-26
Reward of the close ones to God; the Foremost (al-Sabiqun)
 
Second reason: verses 63-80
Occurrence of resurrection is required by the Lordship of God in the life of humans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second group: verses 27-40
Reward of the prosperous; People of the Right Hand (Ashab al-Yamin)
 
Third reason: verses 81-94
Impossibility of preventing humans' death
 
 
 
Third group: verses 41-56
Punishment of the wretched; People of the Left Hand (Ashab al-Shimal)

The Foremost

Main article: Al-Sabiqun

Verses seven to ten of Sura al-Waqi'a are among famous verses of this sura about division of people to three groups on the day of resurrection. Verse ten mentions the name of the third group twice, "wa l-Sabiqun al-Sabiqun" (And the Foremost Ones are the foremost ones). About this verse, many discussions are made between exegetes of the Qur'an.[6]

Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i deduced from two other verses of the Qur'an that the meaning of the first "al-Sabiqun" is "those who are the foremost in doing good" and the meaning of the second "al-Sabiqun" is "those who are the foremost in reaching the forgiveness of God", because preceding in doing good results in precedence in achieving forgiveness of God.[7] Also, it is said that Imam Ali (a) preceded others in believing in the Prophet (s).[8]

Merits and Benefits

For the recitation of the Sura al-Waqi'a, many merits and benefits are mentioned, including the hadith from the Prophet (s) mentioned in Majma' al-bayan that about whoever recites Sura al-Waqi'a, it will be written that he is not among the ignorants.[9] Also, it is mentioned in hadiths that if a person recites Sura al-Waqi'a, he will never suffer from poverty.[10] According to another hadith from Imam al-Sadiq (a), Sura al-Waqi'a is the sura of Imam Ali (a) and whoever recites it will be among his friends.[11]

Notes

  1. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1254.
  2. Maʿrifat, Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 166.
  3. Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān, vol. 2, p. 1254.
  4. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 115.
  5. Khamagar, Muhammad, Sakhtar-i suraha-yi Qur'an-i karim, Mu'assisa-yi Farhangi-yi Qur'an wa 'Itrat-i Nur al-Thaqalayn, Qom: Nashra, ed.1, 1392 Sh.
  6. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 117.
  7. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 117.
  8. Ṭabāṭabāyī, al-Mīzān, vol. 19, p. 117.
  9. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 9, p. 321.
  10. Ṭabrisī, Majmaʿ al-bayān, vol. 9, p. 321.
  11. Ṣadūq, Thawāb al-aʿmāl, p. 117.

References

  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāma-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstan-Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.
  • Maʿrifat, Muḥammad Hādī. Āmūzish-i ʿulūm-i Qurʾān. Tehran: Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1371 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Thawāb al-aʿmāl wa ʿiqāb al-aʿmāl. Qom: Dār al-Sharīf al-Raḍī, 1406 AH.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Qom: Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1417 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Faḍl b. al-Ḥasan al-. Majmaʿ al-bayān. Tehran: Nāṣir Khusru, 1372 Sh.