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Āya (Arabic: "آیة", verse) in technical usage is the sentences and phrases of the Qur'an which are separated from each other in a special order and form the suras of the Qur'an.

In the Qur'an the word is used in the technical meaning, and the Qur'an Āyas (verses) are described as "al-bayyinat", meaning manifest and clear.[1]

The literal meaning of "Āya" is "sign" or "something clear and obvious". The word is also used in the Qur'an in its literal meaning in some places and refers to every creature as a sign of the existence and the attributes of God, and to the miracles of the prophets (s) as they are signs of truth of their mission. In this application, the Āyas (signs) of God are divided to "afaqi" (signs in the outer world) and "anfusi" (the signs in one's self).[2]

Contents

Meaning

"Āya" (Arabic: آية) literally means sign,[3] symbol, or something clear and obvious,[4] but in the technical usage in the Qur'an, means, "a part of the Qur'an which is placed in a sura and contains one or more sentences".[5] In other words, Āya in technical usage means the words, phrases, and sentences of the Qur'an which forms suras. The connection of the technical and the literal meaning is that each one of the verses of the Qur'an is a sign, like natural signs, referring to God, some of the beliefs, practical rulings, or moral principles.[6]

In the Qur'an

The word "Āya" is used 382 times in single and plural forms (Arabic: آیات, Āyat).[7] The main meaning is sign and symbol, and is used sometimes as "lesson" [8], "miracle" [9], "wonder" [10], and "reason and argument" [11], which all return to the literal meaning.[12]

The separation and count of the Qur'an verses is tawqifi (specified by God)[13] so no one is allowed to change it.

First and Last Verses

The most correct and the most prevalent opinion about the first verses revealed to the Prophet (s), is that they are the first five verses of Qur'an 96; but about the last verses, there is a disagreeme