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ʿIbāda or worship (Arabic: العبادة) is humble obedience and compliance. It refers to an internal state of human beings in which they find themselves under the control of their Creator. The philosophy behind worship is said to be the remembrance of God and the human need to God.

Worships are categorized into compulsory and voluntary. In the Qur'an and hadiths, worships are said to have effects such as the forgiveness of sins, peace and happiness, increase in livelihood, Imamate, proximity to God, and remaining steadfast on the path of religion.

Manners and conditions of worship are said to include sincerity, moderateness, patience, knowledge, humbleness, and cleanliness. Worships are not restricted to certain religious rituals. It also includes supplication, thinking, and the attempt to earn halal livelihood.

In Quranic verses and hadiths, obstacles of worship are said to include boastfulness, arrogance, ignorance, worldliness, and earning haram livelihood.

Contents

The Notion

"Ibada" (worship) is said to mean veneration, obedience, and humble compliance, and in some cases, humbleness and modesty. In this sense, it is a state within human beings in which they feel the need to,[1] and the dominance of, their Creator. According to Allama Tabataba'i, to worship is to put oneself in the position of humility and compliance, to disconnect from anything else, and to remember God. Also, worship is said to consist in a desire to serve and venerate a superior being that deserves veneration.

In Quranic terminology, "ibada" has a very general meaning which includes many human behaviors, even when they are done in compliance with Satan and personal desires. According to Quranic verses, the notion includes worshiping other human beings,[2] worshiping one's desires,[3] worshiping Satan,[4] worshiping the idols,[5] and worshiping God.[6]

Unlike the general Quranic usage, in Islamic jurisprudence, the term, "ibada", refers only to practices and rituals that are d