Yastashīr supplication (Arabic: دعاء الیَستَشیر) is among supplications the noble Prophet (s) taught Imam Ali (a) and asked him to recite it in different situations. Sayyid b. Tawus mentioned this supplication in Muhaj al-da'awat wa manhaj al-'ibadat. He also quoted from the Prophet (s) about merits and rewards for the recitation of this supplication such as forgiveness of sins. The general content of this supplication is the attributes and praises of God.
Chain of Transmission
In Mafatih al-jinan, Shaykh Abbas Qummi mentioned that Sayyid b. Tawus transmitted from Imam Ali (a) in Muhaj al-daawat, "The noble Prophet (s) taught me Yastashir supplication and ordered me to recite it in all situations, at ease and in hardships and to teach it to my vicegerent, and not to abandon it until I meet God." Imam Ali (a) continued and quoted from the noble Prophet (s), "O Ali (a)! Every morning and every night, recite this supplication which is a treasure from the treasures of divine throne."
Sayyid b. Tawus did not mention any title for his supplication, but in Mafatih al-jinan, Muhaddith Qummi mentioned it as "Yastashir supplication". It is said that the name of this supplication is adopted from the phrase "and no creature among His servants, He consult with" in the first part of this supplication. In some prints of Muhaj al-da'awat, this supplication is introduced as "the supplication Ali (a) taught Salman" and in some books of supplication, it is titled "supplication of Imam Ali (a)".
In Ibn Tawus's book, Yastashir supplication begins with "al-Hamd-u li Allah al-ladhi la ilah-a illa huw-a l-Malik al-Haqq al-Mubin" (all) the praise belongs to God, there is no god but Him, the Sovereign, the Truth, the Revealer". The general content of the supplication includes the praise of God, glorification of God, mentioning the attributes of God and expression of the servants' incapability. Also, in some parts of the supplication, some verses of the Qur'an are mentioned.
Merits of the Recitation of the Supplication
- Bringing calmness and mercy from God
- Fulfillment of the requests in this world and about the hereafter
- Rescuing the punishment of the grave
- Accommodation in the paradise
- Removal of griefs and illnesses from the heart
- Rewards of martyrdom for the one who recites this supplication and dies on the day or at night
- Forgiveness of the sins
|For the full text, see text:Yastashir Supplication.|
- The material for this article is mainly taken from دعای یستشیر in Farsi WikiShia.